Theory and Phenomenology of Continuous Spin Particles
Massless particles are always assumed to have Lorentz invariant helicity. However, the generic massless particles allowed by Lorentz invariance and quantum mechanics are "continuous spin particles," whose infinitely many discrete helicity states mix under little group transformations by an amount determined by the spin scale. Previous work at the Perimeter Institute has shown that CSPs have well-behaved soft emission amplitudes, are described by a simple free field theory, and reduce to the photon or graviton at momenta above the spin scale. In this talk, I will show how to couple CSP fields to classical particles. When treating on-shell CSP emission and absorption, the resulting dynamics are causal and readily calculable. Remarkably, they are also unique, depending on only the spin scale. This opens the door to precision experiments which probe the spin scale of the photon and graviton.