Spin-liquid states on the pyrochlore lattice and Rydberg atoms simulator
The XXZ model on the three-dimensional frustrated pyrochlore lattice describes a family of rare-earth materials showing signatures of fractionalization and no sign of ordering in the neutron-scattering experiments. The phase diagram of such XXZ model is believed to host several spin-liquid states with fascinating properties, such as emergent U(1) electrodynamics with emergent photon and possible confinement-deconfinement transition. Unfortunately, numerical studies of such lattice are hindered by three-dimensional geometry and absence of obvious small parameters.
In this talk, I will present my work [Phys. Rev. X 11, 041021] on the variational study of the pyrochlore XXZ model using the RVB-inspired and Neural-Network-inspired ansätze. They yield energies better than known results of DMRG at finite bond dimension. With these wave functions, we study the properties of frustrated phase at the Heisenberg point, and observe signatures of long-range dimer correlations.
Lastly, I will sketch the prospects of using the Programmable Rydberg Simulator platform for the study of these spin-liquid states. I will construct two possible embeddings of the pyrochlore XXZ model onto the Rydberg atoms simulator, employing the notion of spin ice and perturbative hexagon flip processes.