Quantum simulation of Z2 lattice gauge theory with dynamical matter
Z2 lattice gauge theories (LGTs) coupled to dynamical matter show rich physics, including topological phases with anyons (toric code) and fractionalized Fermi liquids, with potential realizations in strongly correlated quantum matter. In this talk I report on recent progress — theoretical and experimental — in performing analog quantum simulations of such models. Starting from several distinct zero-dimensional building blocks I will move on to discuss extensions to extended 1D and 2D systems, including the realization of the plaquette operators in 2D. Next I will discuss how experimental imperfects, such as gauge-symmetry breaking errors, impact quantum simulations, and how they can be overcome. Then I will show how the insights gained lead us to an inherently stable protocol for quantum simulations of Z2 LGTs with dynamical matter with existing Rydberg tweezer arrays. I will close with an outlook and by discussing possible near-term experimental goals ranging from disorder-free localization to finite-temperature deconfinement transitions.