Higgs inflation, unitarity, and emergence of scalaron

PIRSA ID: 22010093
Event Type: Seminar
Scientific Area(s):
Particle Physics
End date:
  • Yohei Ema, University of Minnesota

Higgs inflation introduces a large non-minimal coupling between the Ricci scalar and Higgs that makes the cut-off scale well below the Planck scale. In the first part of the talk, we show that unitarity is indeed violated by a resonant production of longitudinal gauge bosons after inflation, calling for UV completion of Higgs inflation. We then show that unitarity is restored after summing over vacuum polarization-type diagrams that are leading-order in the large-N limit. Scattering amplitude develops a pole after the resummation, which we identify as the scalar component of the metric, or the scalaron. This phenomenon can be understood in the language of the non-linear sigma model (NLSM), with the scalaron identified as the sigma-meson that linearizes the NLSM.

Zoom Link: https://pitp.zoom.us/j/98015814051?pwd=YWdrWTJzbzJkdnFXRUxPWFJnNXVNQT09