Dynamical friction in scalar dark matter
I will discuss the dynamical friction experienced by black holes moving through scalar or “wave-like” dark matter. This has been studied analytically and numerically in the non relativistic case, which is applicable to its effect in “fuzzy dark matter” halos where the scalar wavelength is on galactic scales. On smaller scales, dynamical friction from dark matter clouds formed from accretion or superradiance may cause a dephasing in the gravitational wave signal in LISA EMRIs. I will discuss our recent numerical work (https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.08280) to extend the description of dynamical friction to relativistic scalars, in order to treat this case.