Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
In this tutorial, we will review the microscopic aspects of rare-earth magnets relevant for quantum spin ice. We first discuss the single-ion properties of the variety of rare-earth atoms that appear in quantum spin ice candidate materials. Second, we consider the origin of the two-ion exchange interactions, including electric and magnetic multipolar interactions, super-exchange and virtual crystal field mediated interactions.
In this work we consider a recent proposal in which gravitational interactions are mediated via the exchange of classical information and apply it to a quantized Friedman-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe with the assumption that any test particles must feel a classical metric. We show that such a model results in decoherence in the FRW state that manifests itself as a dark energy fluid that fills the spacetime.
Causal dynamical triangulations (CDT) is a sum-over-histories approach to quantum gravity which leverages the techniques developed in lattice quantum field theory. In this talk, I discuss the thick sandwich problem in CDT: Given initial and final spacelike hypersurfaces, each with a fixed geometry, what is the transition amplitude for one transitioning into the other? And what geometries dominate the associated path integral? I discuss preliminary studies performed in this direction. I also highlight open problems and interesting directions for future research.
I will discuss two ways in which revising the notion of time at the Big Bang will lead to testable predictions. I will then contrast these predictions against standard ΛCDM scenario, and cosmological observations. The first model, Holographic Cosmology, is based on a 3d quantum field theory without time, suggesting the possibility of nonperturbative effects on large angles (l
During past few decades, string theory has been used as a source of conjectural dualities in various areas of physics and mathematics. We have extended these applications of string dualities to the study of chiral algebras in 2d CFT. In this talk, I will sketch how to use S-duality of D3-D5-NS5 systems to shed some light on already known dual constructions of chiral algebras and generate huge amount of new dualities.
Entanglement entropy is now widely accepted as having deep connections with quantum gravity. It is therefore desirable to understand it in the context of causal sets, especially since they provide in a natural and covariant manner the UV cutoff needed to render entanglement entropy finite. Defining entropy in a causal set is not straightforward because the usual hypersurface data on which definitions of entanglement typically rely is not available.
One of the defining features of holography is the geometerization of the renormalization group scale. This means that when a quantum field theory is holographically dual to a bulk gravity theory, then the direction normal to the boundary in the bulk (the `radial' direction) is to be interpreted as the energy scale of the dual quantum field theory. So this direction can be seen to be `emergent', and the evolution of bulk fields along this direction is equated with the renormalization group flow of sources or couplings of boundary operators.
Using Picard-Lefschetz theory we show that the Lorentzian path integral forms a good starting point for quantum cosmology which avoids the conformal factor problem present in Euclidean gravity. We study the Lorentzian path integral for a homogeneous and isotropic model with a positive cosmological constant. Applied to the “no-boundary” proposal, we show that this leads to the inverse of the result obtained by Hartle and Hawking.
We give an introduction to cMERA, a continuous tensor networks ansatz for ground states of QFTs. We also explore a particular feature of it: an intrinsic length scale that acts as an ultraviolet cutoff. We provide evidence for the existence of this cutoff based on the entanglement structure of a particular family of cMERA states, namely Gaussian states optimized for free bosonic and fermionic CFTs. Our findings reflect that short distance entanglement is not fully present in the ansatz states, thus hinting at ultraviolet regularization.
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