Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Our universe is at its heart quantum mechanical, yet classical behaviour is seen everywhere. I will discuss the scales that determine the quantum to classical transition and the prospects for the observation of ever more macroscopic quantum behaviour. I will then discuss how paradoxes in quantum mechanics can be understood and visualized with Bohmian trajectories, how these trajectories can be measured, and the implications for the ontology of the Bohmian picture.
The weak value, as an expectation value, requires an ensemble to be found. Nevertheless, we argue that the physical meaning of the weak value is much more close to the physical meaning of an eigenvalue than to the physical meaning of an expectation value. Theoretical analysis and experimental results performed in the MPQ laboratory of Harald Weinfurter are presented. Quantum systems described by numerically equal eigenvalue, weak value and expectation value cause identical average shift of an external system interacting with them during an infinitesimal time.
The products of weak values of quantum observables have interesting implications in deriving quantum uncertainty and complementarity relations for both weak and strong measurement statistics. We show that a product representation formula allows the standard Heisenberg uncertainty relation to be derived from a classical uncertainty relation for complex random variables. This formula also leads to a strong uncertainty relation for unitary operators which displays a new preparation uncertainty relation for quantum systems.
I discuss the outcome statistics of sequential weak measurement of general observables.
In sequential weak measurement of canonical variables, without post-selection, correlations yield the corresponding correlations of the Wigner function.
The state vector describing the physical situation of the magnetic A-B effect should depend upon all three quantizeable entities in the problem, the electron orbiting the solenoid, the moving charged particles in the solenoid and the vector potential. One may imagine three approximate solutions to the exact dynamics, where two of the three entities do not interact at all, and the third, quantized, entity interacts with a classical approximation.
In this brief talk we will show how weak values appear in a wide range of physical contexts beyond the usual context of weak measurements. Among others, we will discuss how weak values appear in: the physics of classical parameters in a quantum evolution; the statistics of strong measurements; formulas for probability amplitudes in quantum mechanics; and finally, in the classical correspondence of quantum mechanics.
Strongly interacting quantum systems driven out of equilibrium represent a fascinating field where several questions of fundamental importance remains to be addressed .
These range from the dynamics of high-dimensional interacting models to the thermalization properties of quantum gases in continuous space.
In this Seminar I will review our recent contributions to some of the dynamical quantum problems which have been traditionally inaccessible to accurate many-body techniques.
The gauge invariant nonlocal quantum dynamics that is responsible for the
Aharonov-Bohm effect is described. It is shown that it may be verified experimentally.