This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Matter.
Three dimensional fracton phases are new type of phases featuring exotic excitations called fractons. They are gapped point-like excitations constrained to move in sub-dimensional space. In this talk, I will present the gapped fracton topological order discovered in exact solvable models and gapless fracton phase described by U(1) symmetric tensor gauge theories. Their relation with ordinary topological ordered phase would be discussed in detail.
Searching for a proper set of order parameters which distinguishes different phases of matter sits in the heart of condensed matter physics. In this talk, I discuss topological invariants as (non-local) order parameters for symmetry protected topological (SPT) phases of fermions in the presence of time-reversal symmetry.
Classical chaotic systems exhibit exponential divergence of initially infinitesimally close trajectories, which is characterized by the Lyapunov exponent. This sensitivity to initial conditions is popularly known as the "butterfly effect." Of great recent interest has been to understand how/if the butterfly effect and Lyapunov exponents generalize to quantum mechanics, where the notion of a trajectory does not exist.
Entanglement spectrum (ES) contains more information than the entanglement entropy, a single number. For highly excited states, this can be quantified by the ES statistics, i.e. the distribution of the ratio of adjacent gaps in the ES. I will first present examples in both random unitary circuits and Hamiltonian systems, where the ES signals whether a time-evolved state (even if maximally entangled) can be efficiently disentangled without precise knowledge of the time evolution operator.
I give an overview of work with Aasen and Mong on topologically invariant defects in two-dimensional classical lattice models, quantum spin chains and tensor networks. We show how to find defects that satisfy commutation relations guaranteeing the partition function depends only on their topological properties. These relations and their solutions can be extended to allow defect lines to branch and fuse, again with properties depending only on topology. These lattice topological defects have a variety of useful applications.
Large deviation theory gives a general framework for studying nonequilibrium systems which in many ways parallels equilibrium thermodynamics. In transport, according to the large deviation principle, the distribution of rare fluctuations of the total transfer (of charge, energy, etc.) between two baths take a special form encoded by the large deviation function, which plays the role of a free energy. Its Legendre transform is the scaled cumulant generating function (SCGF).
I will present recent results (with Zhen Bi) on novel quantum criticality and a possible field theory duality in 3+1 spacetime dimensions. We describe several examples of Deconfined Quantum Critical Points (DQCP) between Symmetry Protected Topological phases in 3 + 1-D. We present situations in which the same phase transition allows for multiple universality classes controlled by distinct fixed points. We exhibit the possibility - which we dub “unnecessary quantum critical points” - of stable generic continuous phase transitions within the same phase.
Many-body localization generalizes the concept of Anderson localization (i.e. single particle localization) to isolated interacting systems, where many-body eigenstates in the presence of sufficiently strong disorder can be localized in a region of Hilbert space even at nonzero temperature. This is an example of ergodicity breaking, which manifests failure of thermalization or more specifically the break down of eigenstate-thermalization hypothesis.
Remarkable recent experiments have observed Mott insulating behavior and superconductivity in moire superlattices of twisted bilayer graphene near a magic twist angle. However, the nature of the Mott insulator, origin of superconductivity and an effective model remain to be determined. I will present our understanding of these phenomena. We propose a Mott insulator with intervalley coherence that spontaneously breaks U(1) valley symmetry, and describe a mechanism that selects this order over the competing magnetically ordered states favored by the Hunds coupling.
Recently, a web of quantum field theory dualities was proposed linking several problems in the study of strongly correlated quantum critical points and phases in two spatial dimensions. These dualities follow from a relativistic flux attachment duality, which relates a Wilson-Fisher boson with a unit of attached flux to a free Dirac fermion. While several derivations of members of the web of dualities have been presented thus far, none explicitly involve the physics of flux attachment, which in relativistic systems affects both statistics and spin.