Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The discovery of postquantum nonlocality, i.e. the existence of nonlocal correlations stronger than any quantum correlations but nevertheless consistent with the no-signaling principle, has deepened our understanding of the foundations quantum theory. In this work, we investigate whether the phenomenon of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering, a different form of quantum nonlocality, can also be generalized beyond quantum theory. While postquantum steering does not exist in the bipartite case, we prove its existence in the case of three observers.
Based on first-principle calculations, we show that a family of nonmagnetic materials including TaAs, TaP, NbAs, and NbP are Weyl semimetals (WSM) without inversion centers. We find twelve pairs of Weyl points in the whole Brillouin zone (BZ) for each of them. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC), band inversions in mirror-invariant planes lead to gapless nodal rings in the energy-momentum dispersion. The strong SOC in these materials then opens full gaps in the mirror planes, generating nonzero mirror Chern numbers and Weyl points off the mirror planes.
For a CFT perturbed by a relevant operator, the entanglement entropy of a spherical region may be computed as a perturbative expansion in the coupling. A similar perturbative expansion applies for excited states near the vacuum. I will describe a method due to Faulkner for calculating these entanglement entropies, and apply it in the limit of small sphere size. The motivation for these calculations is a recent proposal by Jacobson suggesting an equivalence between the Einstein equation and the "maximal vacuum entanglement hypothesis" for quantum gravity.
A simple way to trivially satisfy precision-electroweak and flavor constraints in composite Higgs models is to require a large global symmetry breaking scale, f > 10 TeV. This leads to a tuning of order 10^-4 to obtain the observed Higgs mass, but gives rise to a 'split' spectrum where the strong-sector resonances with masses greater than 10 TeV are separated from the pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons, which remain near the electroweak scale. To preserve gauge-coupling unification (due to a composite top quark), the symmetry breaking scale satisfies an upper bound f
In this talk, I will discuss correlations that can be generated by performing local measurements on bipartite quantum systems. I'll present an algebraic characterization of the set of quantum correlations which allows us to identify an easy-to-compute lower bound on the smallest Hilbert space dimension needed to generate a quantum correlation. I will then discuss some examples showing the tightness of our lower bound.
We will discuss a (conjectural) explicit presentation for the equivariant cohomology of Nakajima quiver varieties of type ADE. This presentation arises as a shadow of the expected symplectic duality between slices to Schubert varieties in the affine Grassmannian and Nakajima quiver varieties (a.k.a. the expected Coulomb and Higgs branches for a quiver gauge theory).
We studied a holographic superconductor model with a momentum relaxation by employing a linear massless scalar field, which is expected to play a role of impurity via holographic correspondence. By fixing a ratio of impurity/chemical potential, we observed the complex scalar field condensation depending on temperature and computed an electric, thermoelectric, and thermal conductivities.
How may we quantify the value of physical resources, such as entangled quantum states, heat baths or lasers? Existing resource theories give us partial answers; however, these rely on idealizations, like the concept of perfectly independent copies of states used to derive conversion rates. As these idealizations are impossible to implement in practice, such results may be of little consequence for experimentalists.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series