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No GUTs, All Glory: Charge Quantization and the Standard Model from Nonlinear Sigma Models

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I will present recent and ongoing work in collaboration with Tsutomu Yanagida and Simeon Hellerman (arXiv:1309.0692 and 1312.xxxx) on a new way to obtain charge quantization, without a GUT or monopole solution. In the CP^1 model, SU(2)_G/U(1)_H, consistency conditions for a charged field and its transformation properties over the entire group manifold lead to a charge quantization condition. By gauging the U(1)_H and identifying it with hypercharge, we find charge quantization in the SM without a monopole or GUT, purely from the structure and dynamics of the nonlinear sigma model. This is easily extended to CP^2 and general CP^k models. Phenomenologically, the CP^1 model has a fractionally charged stable Nambu-Goldstone boson (NGB), which has intriguing applications to nuclear physics and dark matter. The CP^2 model has the Higgs as the NGB. With some additional minor assumptions, anomaly freedom then leads to the matter content of a generation in the SM.