Large deviations for nonequilibrium transport in integrable models



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18090049

Abstract

Large deviation theory gives a general framework for studying nonequilibrium systems which in many ways parallels equilibrium thermodynamics. In transport, according to the large deviation principle, the distribution of rare fluctuations of the total transfer (of charge, energy, etc.) between two baths take a special form encoded by the large deviation function, which plays the role of a free energy. Its Legendre transform is the scaled cumulant generating function (SCGF). For instance, in mesoscopic physics, full counting statistics for charge transport through quantum impurities are SCGFs. In this talk I propose a formalism giving access to SCGFs for ballistic transport in homogeneous, stationary states. The formalism is conjectured to hold for classical and quantum systems alike, and give exact results in terms of the theory of linear fluctuating hydrodynamics. I will explain how it applies to nonequilibrium steady states of integrable models such as the classical hard rod gas, the quantum Lieb-Liniger model and the XXZ chain, using generalised hydrodynamics. This largely extends earlier results for free fermions (Levitov-Lesovik) and for 1+1-dimensional conformal field theory (Bernard-Doyon). The formalism also applies to transport in nonequilibrium critical systems of arbitrary dimension. It is, in a sense, the ballistic counterpart to macroscopic fluctuation theory.