On the instability of general relativistic wormholes

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Assuming exotic matter, several models representing static, spherically symmetric wormhole solutions of Einstein's field equations have been considered in the literature. We examine the dynamical stability of such wormholes in one of the simplest model, in which the matter is described by a massless ghost scalar field, and prove that all solutions are unstable with respect to linear fluctuations and possess precisely one unstable, exponentially in time growing mode. Numerical simulations of the nonlinear field equations suggest that these wormholes either expand or collapse and form a black hole. The stability problem for alternative models including electrically charged wormholes is also discussed.