How to get a superconductor from a black hole

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Gauge/gravity duality, a concept which emerged from string theory,
holds promise for revealing the secrets of certain strongly
interacting real world condensed matter systems. Historically, string
theorists presented their subject as a promising framework for a
quantum theory of gravity. More recently, the AdS/CFT correspondence
and gauge/gravity dualities have emerged as powerful tools for using
what we already know about gravity to investigate the properties of
strongly interacting field theories. I will cherry pick and discuss a
few recent developments where black holes are used to calculate the
thermodynamic and transport properties of quantum critical systems,
superconductors, and superfluids.