Fluctuations and Viscosity

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Sound waves with long-distance propagation are both a consequence of hydrodynamics, and a danger to hydrodynamics' very existence, as they violate the assumption of local equilibration. In the talk, I will discuss what the thermally excited sound and shear waves do to viscosity. In 2+1 dimensions, the shear viscosity and the diffusion constant cease being independent transport coefficients. In 3+1 dimensions, the fluctuations render the second-order hydrodynamics invalid.