Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
I'll talk about some work in progress concerning the topic of metals which have no coherent quasiparticles. In particular, I'll compare and contrast the ubiquitous near horizon AdS2 region appearing in holographic models with a phase of matter called the spin incoherent luttinger liquid. By analyzing the structure of entanglement and correlations, we will find many similarities between these two states of matter.
I will review recent progress in describing interacting electronic topological insulators/superconductors in three dimensions. The focus will be on Symmetry Protected Topological (SPT) phases of electronic systems with charge conservation and time reversal. I will argue that the well known Z2 classification of free fermion insulators with this important symmetry generalizes to a Z2^3 classification in the presence of interactions. I will describe the experimental fingerprints and other physical properties of these states.
Topological phases in frustrated quantum spin systems have fascinated researchers for decades. One of the earliest proposals for such a phase was the chiral spin liquid put forward by Kalmeyer and Laughlin in 1987 as the bosonic analogue of the fractional quantum Hall effect. Elusive for many years, recent times have finally seen a number of models that realize this phase. However, these models are somewhat artificial and unlikely to be found in realistic materials.
A fundamental question in complexity theory is how much resource is needed to solve k independent instances of a problem compared to the resource required to solve one instance. Suppose solving one instance of a problem with probability of correctness p, we require c units of some resource in a given model of computation. A direct sum theorem states that in order to compute k independent instances of a problem, it requires k times units of the resource needed to compute one instance.
Within each of nature's crystals is an exotic quantum world of electrons weaving to and fro. Each crystal has it's own unique tapestry, as varied as the crystals themselves. In some crystals, the electrons weave an orderly quilt. Within others, the electrons are seemingly entwined in an entangled web of quantum motion. In this talk, I will describe the ongoing efforts to disentangle even nature's most intricate quantum embroidery.
A 3d electron topological insulator (ETI) is a phase of matter protected by particle-number conservation and time-reversal symmetry. It was previously believed that the surface of an ETI must be gapless unless one of these symmetries is broken. A well-known symmetry-preserving, gapless surface termination of an ETI supports an odd number of Dirac cones. In this talk, I will show that in the presence of strong interactions, an ETI surface can actually be gapped and symmetry preserving, at the cost of carrying an intrinsic two-dimensional topological order.
In both classical and quantum critical systems, universal contributions to the mutual information and Renyi entropy depend on geometry. I will first explain how in 2d classical critical systems on a rectangle, the mutual information depends on the central charge in a fashion making its numerical extraction easy, as in 1d quantum systems. I then describe analogous results for 2d quantum critical systems. Specifically, in special 2d quantum systems such as quantum dimer/Lifshitz models, the leading geometry-dependent term in the Renyi entropies can be computed exactly.