Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
While gravitational waves offer a new, and in many ways clean, view of compact objects, most of what we presently know about these has been obtained by careful study of their messy interactions with surrounding material. I will summarize what we know about a variety of potential gravitational wave sources, how this astrophysical hair has helped to illuminate some of the same questions gravitational wave observations promise to address, and how future observations may begin to relate the gravitational and electromagnetic properties of compact objects.
In addition to the dominant oscillatory modes gravitational waves contain non-oscillatory components which arise as drifts or offsets in the signals. Nonlinear gravitational memory arises from a change in mass multipole moments of a boundsystem due to contributions from the emitted gravitationalwaves. In practice it appears as a slowly monotonically growingsignal during the inspiral which sees a rapid rise at thetime of merger.
We present a short overview on the current state of core-collapse supernova modeling and the set of processes expected to emit gravitational waves in a core collapse event. We go on to show new results from 3D GR simulations focusing on failing black-hole forming supernovae and present the gravitational wave signature of such events.
In this work we investigate the electromagnetic radiation induced by a binary black hole merger when they are surrounded by a force-free environment (i.e. plasma with inertia terms negligible compared to the electromagnetic stresses). We discuss the relevance of this system for possible multimessenger astronomy with binary black holes.
I will report on some recent results obtained using the fully general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic code Whisky in simulating equal and unequal-mass binary neutron star (BNS) systems during the last phases of inspiral, merger and collapse to black hole surrounded by a torus. BNSs are among the most important sources of gravitational waves which are expected to be detected by the current or next generation of gravitational wave detectors, such as LIGO and Virgo, and they are also thought to be at the origin of very important astrophysical phenomena, such as short gamma-ray bursts.
We describe a Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo technique to study the source parameters of gravitational-wave signals from the inspirals of stellar-mass compact binaries detected with ground-based detectors such as LIGO and Virgo. We can apply this technique to both spinning and non-spinning waveforms and we use a variety of tools like parallel tempering to improve the sampling efficiency of the algorithm in a multi-dimensional parameter space. We describe new developments in model-selection techniques for distinguishing between alternative signal models.
Direct detection of gravitational wave stands at a cross roads; the first generation of interferometric detectors will soon be decommissioned and the second generation projects are underway. In this talk, I will describe the Initial LIGO and VIRGO generation of instruments, the techniques required to achieve a strain sensitivity of 3 x 10^{-23} and an NS / NS inspiral range of 15 Mpc. I'll follow with a description of the Advanced detectors and the differences that should improve the sensitivity by a factor of ten.
We present a new construction of phenomenological templates for non-precessing spinning black hole binaries. This approach utilizes a frequency domain matching of post-Newtonian inspiral waveforms with numerical relativity based binary black hole coalescence waveforms. We quantify the various possible sources of systematic errors that could arise in matching post-Newtonian and numerical relativity waveforms and we use a matching criteria based on minimizing these errors.
I will review recent advances in the effective-one-body formalism aimed at describing the dynamics and gravitational-wave emission from coalescing black holes. I will discuss the implications of those advances for the search of gravitational waves from binary black holes and for the recoil velocity of black holes formed through merger.
The dynamics of black-hole binaries is a very complex problem which has been solved only very recently through time-expensive numerical-relativity calculations. In spite of this mathematical complexity many results of these calculations can be accurately reproduced with phenomenological approaches based on test particles combined with Post-Newtonian theory and black-hole perturbation theory. In this talk I will focus on effective-one-body models, which have proved a useful and fast tool to accurately reproduce numerical-relativity waveforms.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series