Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Equivalence of fault-tolerant circuit to less noisy unencoded circuits, threshold theorem, calculation of the threshold.
Assumptions for fault tolerance, extended rectangles, good, bad, and correct rectangles.
After reviewing recent developments in the study of the AdS/CFT correspondence between the IR gauge theory living on a stack of D3-branes placed at a Calabi-Yau singularity and type IIB string theory on the near horizon geometry, we focus on the problem of counting chiral BPS operators in this class of CFTs and we match them with the dual string states in the general case of toric CY. Partition functions can be explicitly written in all sectors with fixed baryonic charge using localization over fixed points of the toric actions.
We propose an extended quantum theory, in which the number of degrees of freedom K behaves as FOURTH power the number N of distinguishable states. As the simplex of classical N--point probability distributions can be embedded inside a higher dimensional convex body of mixed quantum states, one can further increase the dimensionality constructing the set of extended quantum states. The embedding proposed corresponds to an assumption that the physical system described in N dimensional Hilbert space is coupled with an auxiliary subsystem of the same dimensionality.
Graduate Course on Standard Model & Quantum Field Theory
Graduate Course on Standard Model & Quantum Field Theory
Fault-tolerant stabilizer state preparation, Steane error correction, universal fault-tolerant set of gates through gate teleportation, magic state distillation
Definition of fault tolerance, Shor error correction, fault-tolerant measurement for stabilizer and CSS codes
The general relativity has been tested from mm scales to solar system scales. The discovery of cosmic acceleration motivates the study of infrared modification of gravity at horizon scales.
The cosmic expansion can be accelerated by dark energy without any correction to GR, but alternatively it can be explained by the modified gravity at large scales without introducing the unknown exotic energy. We introduce the linear structure formation theory of DGP and f(R) gravity, and present what it the strategy to test general relativity at cosmological scales.
Experimentalists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider create exploding droplets of quark-gluon plasma, the stuff which filled the universe for the first microseconds after the big bang. I'll give one theorist's perspective on what we are learning about the properties of quark-gluon plasma from these experiments, including the conclusion that it is closer to an ideal liquid than to an ideal gas and the observation that it "quenches" high energy quarks ("jets") trying to plow through it.