Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Linear cosmological perturbation theory is pivotal to a theoretical understanding of current cosmological experimental data provided e.g. by cosmic microwave anisotropy probes. A key issue in this theory is to extract the gauge invariant degrees of freedom which allow unambiguous comparison between theory and experiment. In this talk we will present a manifeslty gauge invariant formulation of general relativistic perturbation theory.
We demonstrate a number of effective field theory constructions developed to
capture the effects of new physics on the Higgs sector of the standard
model. We demonstrate that as the self couplings of the Higgs
could be significantly effected by new physics, novel phenomenology such as
a two Higgs bound state (Higgsium) may be possible.
We also demonstrate that the effects of new physics
on the Higgs fermion couplings, and thus the Higgs width, could be significant.
We show that it is possible this could happen while the new physics
Cosmic strings are non-trivial configurations of scalar (and vector) fields that are stable on account of a topological conservation law.
They can be formed in the early universe as it cools after the Big Bang.
Strong gauge dynamics can be given a holographic description in terms of a warped extra dimension. In particular, Randall-Sundrum models with bulk fields are dual to Standard Model partial compositeness. We identify a holographic basis of 4D fields that allows for a quantitative description of the elementary/composite mixing in these theories.
We highlight the unexpected impact of nucleosynthesis on the detectability of tracking quintessence dynamics at late times, showing that dynamics may be invisible until Stage-IV dark energy experiments (DUNE, JDEM, LSST, SKA). Nucleosynthesis forces |w(0)|
First, a brief description of Bell\'s theorem will be given.
It states states that there is no classical-like (local realistic) description of all quantum predictions. Next, a plausible class of non-local realistic models will be presented which is incompatible with quantum mechanics, as first shown by Leggett. Experiments confirming the incompatibility will be described. Finally, it will be argued that quantum mechanics can be seen as a theory of systems with limited information resources.
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