Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
In this talk, we will investigate the distinguishability of quantum operations from both discrete and continuous point of view. In the discrete case, the main topic is how we can identify quantum measurement apparatuses by considering the patterns of measurement outcomes. In the continuous case, we will focus on the efficiency of parameter estimation of quantum operations. We will discuss several methods that can achieve Heisenberg Limit and prove in some other cases the impossibility of breaking the Standard Quantum Limit.
As physicists, we have become accustomed to the idea that a theory\\\'s content is always most transparent when written in coordinate-free language. But sometimes the choice of a good coordinate system is very useful for settling deep conceptual issues. Think of how Eddington-Finkelstein coordinates settled the longstanding question of whether the event horizon of a Schwarzschild black hole corresponds to a real spacetime singularity or not.
I shall review the potential relevance of antisymmetric tensor fields in physics, perhaps the most intriguing being a massive antisymmetric tensor as dark matter. Next, based on the most general quadratic action for the antisymmetric tensor field, I shall discuss what are possible extensions of Einstein\\\'s theory which include antisymmetric tensor field and thus torsion in a dynamical fashion.
This is a talk in two parts. The first part is on evolution of a system under a Hamiltonian. First, a general method for implementing evolution under a Hamiltonian using entanglement and classical communication is presented. This method improves on previous methods by requiring less entanglement and communication, as well as allowing more general Hamiltonians to be implemented. Next, a method for simulating evolution under a sparse Hamiltonian using a quantum computer is presented.
We define a measure of the quantumness of correlations, based on the operative task of local broadcasting of a bipartite state. Such a task is feasible for a state if and only if it corresponds to a joint classical probability distribution, or, in other terms, it is strictly classically correlated. A gap, defined in terms of quantum mutual information, can quantify the degree of failure in fulfilling such a task, therefore providing a measure of how non-classical a given state is.