Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
We introduce a projective hypersurface ''normal form'' for a class of K3 surfaces which generalizes the classical Weierstrass normal form for complex elliptic curves. A geometric two-isogeny relates these K3 surfaces to the Kummer K3 surfaces of principally polarized abelian surfaces, with the normal form coefficients naturally identifying with the Igusa basis of Siegel modular forms of degree two. These results are reinterpreted through the lens of the Kuga-Satake Hodge Conjecture, and seen as a prediction coming from mirror symmetry.
The topological recursion of Eynard and Orantin has found many applications in various areas of mathematics. In this talk I will discuss the recursion from the point of view of Hurwitz numbers and local mirror symmetry. I will explain the mathematics underlying the recursion, its relation with the cut-and-join equation, and explore first steps towards proving (and understanding geometrically) the appearance of the recursion in local mirror symmetry.
The Planck-weak hierarchy is investigated in an extradimensional, soft-wall model originally proposed by Batell and Gherghetta. In this model the soft-wall is dynamically generated by background ﬁelds that, in the Einstein frame, cause the metric factor to deviate from anti-de Sitter by a power-law of the conformal coordinate. This talk will demonstrate that in order to achieve the appropriate Planck-weak hierarchy, the power of the conformal coordinate must be less than one.
We will discuss the notion of categorical Lie algebra actions, as introduced by Rouquier and Khovanov-Lauda. In particular, we will give examples of categorical Lie algebra actions on derived categories of coherent sheaves. We will show that such categorical Lie algebra actions lead to actions of braid groups.
There appear to be only two essentially distinct ways to understand intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves --- via Hurwitz numbers or symplectic volumes. In this talk, we will consider polynomials defined by Norbury which bridge the gap between these two pictures. They appear in the enumeration of lattice points in moduli spaces of curves and it appears that their coefficients store interesting information. We will also describe a connection between these polynomials and the topological recursion defined by Eynard and Orantin.
An enormous effort is underway to search for the Higgs boson at the LHC. One new development of the past couple of years is to look into the kinematic region where the Higgs boosted, which has led to the possibility to observe the dominant b-bar decay mode as a single "fat jet" when the Higgs is light. I'll discuss how this technique has great promise not only within the Standard Model, but potentially has even greater promise to find a light Higgs in new physics models such as supersymmetry.
The Petrov classification of the Weyl tensor is an important tool in the study of exact solutions of the Einstein equation in 4d. For example, the Kerr solution was discovered in a study of spacetimes with algebraically special Weyl tensors. Algebraic classification of the Weyl tensor has been extended to higher dimensions. I shall review this classification and describe known families of algebraically special solutions. Recent progress towards obtaining a higher dimensional generalization of the Goldberg-Sachs theorem will be described.
I will discuss recent joint work with A. Ionescu and S. Klainerman on the black hole uniqueness problem. A classical result of Hawking (building on earlier work of Carter and Robinson) asserts that any vacuum, stationary black hole exterior region must be isometric to the Kerr exterior, under the restrictive assumption that the space-time metric shouldbe analytic in the entire exterior region.
TBA
Einstein's theory of General Relativity has taught us that empty space (or, more precisely, spacetime) is in itself a dynamical and wonderfully rich entity for both theoretical physicists and science fiction authors alike. Although it may stretch our imagination, astrophysical observations leave little doubt that spacetime can bend, move and vibrate. If we want to explain these phenomena from an underlying microscopic and more fundamental structure, we need to bring in quantum theory, leading to even more exotic possibilities such as spacetime foam and wormholes.