Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
In this presentation I will briefly explain the cluster state model of quantum computing. Then will talk about a scheme that uses polarization and time-bin degrees of freedom of photons in optical fibres for the optical realization of this model. We are currently working on the implementation of this scheme in our lab.
Quantum coin tossing is a cryptographic task in which two parties, Alice and Bob, wish to generate a shared random bit but do not necessarily trust each other. This task is completely impossible to realize with classical asynchronous communication but becomes at least partially feasible when quantum communication is also available. The best quantum protocol known so far, due to Ambainis, uses qutrits and is near optimal in the sense that either party can bias the outcome with at most a 75% probability of success.
The notion of weak-degradability of quantum channels is introduced by generalizing the degradability definition given by Devetak and Shor. Exploiting the unitary equivalence with beam-splitter/amplifier channels we then prove that a large class of one-mode Bosonic Gaussian channels are either weakly degradable or anti-degradable. In the latter case this implies that their quantum capacity Q is null.
The essential insight of quantum error correction was that quantum information can be protected by suitably encoding this quantum information across multiple independently erred quantum systems. Recently it was realized that, since the most general method for encoding quantum information is to encode it into a subsystem, there exists a novel form of quantum error correction beyond the traditional quantum error correcting subspace codes.