Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Every restriction on quantum operations defines a resource theory,
determining how quantum states that cannot be prepared under the restriction may be manipulated and used to circumvent the restriction. A superselection
rule is a restriction that arises through the lack of a classical reference frame. The states that circumvent it (the resource) are quantum reference
frames. We consider the resource theories that arise from three types of
superselection rule, associated respectively with lacking: (i) a phase
Entanglement plays a fundamental role in quantum information
processing and is regarded as a valuable, fungible resource,
The practical ability to transform (or manipulate) entanglement from one form to another is useful for many applications.
Usually one considers entanglement manipulation of states which are multiple copies of a given bipartite entangled state and requires that the fidelity of the transformation to (or from) multiple copies of
a maximally entangled state approaches unity asymptotically in the
The manifold of pure quantum states can be regarded as a complex projective space endowed with the unitary-invariant Fubini-Study metric.
The physical characteristics of a given quantum system can then be represented by a variety of geometrical structures that can be identified in this manifold.
This talk will review a number of examples of such structures as they arise in the state spaces of spin-1/2, spin-1, spin-3/2, and spin-2 systems, and various types of entangled systems, all of which have fascinating and beautiful geometries associated with them.
It has been known for a long time that instanton effects control the large order behavior of the perturbation series in quantum mechanics and gauge theories. I present a study of this connection in the context of matrix models in 1/N-expansion and topological strings.
It is known that finite fields with d elements exist only when d is a prime or a prime power.
When the dimension d of a finite dimensional Hilbert space is a prime power, we can associate to each basis state of the Hilbert space an element of a finite or Galois field, and construct a finite group of unitary transformations, the generalised Pauli group or discrete Heisenberg-Weyl group. Its elements can be expressed, in terms of the elements of a Galois field.
This group presents numerous
The role of outflows in global star formation processes has become hotly debated even as fundamental questions about the nature of these outflows continues to receive attention. In this talk I discuss both problems and new approaches to their resolution. Astrophysical outflows have always been a subject at the forefront of the numerical technologies and in the first act of the talk I introduce AstroBEAR, a new Adaptive Mesh Refinement MHD tool developed at Rochester for the study of star formation outflow issues.