Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Low-density neutron matter is relevant to the study of neutron-rich nuclei and neutron star crusts. Unpolarized neutron matter has been studied extensively over a number of decades, while experimental guidance has recently started to emerge from the field of ultracold atomic gases. We study population-imbalanced neutron matter (possibly relevant to magnetars and to density functionals of nuclei) applying a Quantum Monte Carlo method that has proven successful in the field of cold atoms.
We present new equations of state (EOS) of nuclear matter for a wide range of temperatures densities and proton fractions for use in supernova and neutron star merger simulations. We employ a full relativistic mean field (RMF) calculation for matter at intermediate density and high density and the Virial expansion of a nonideal gas for matter at low density. We tabulate the resulting EOS in the temperature range T = 0 - 80 MeV the density range nB = 10Ã¢
We construct the relativistic equation of state (EOS) of dense matter covering a wide range of temperature proton fraction and density for the use of core-collapse supernova simulations. The study is based on the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory which can provide an excellent description of nuclear matter andfinite nuclei. The Thomas-Fermi approximation is adopted to describe the non-uniform matter which is composed of a lattice of heavy nuclei.We present two types of results.
Recent discoveries, including a 2 solar mass pulsar, rapid cooling in the Cas A supernova remnant, and estimates of masses and radii from photospheric radius expansion bursts and thermal emissions from neutron stars, are able to constrain significantly the properties of dense matter. Implications for the pressure-density relation and properties of superfluids in neutron star interiors will be discussed.
Tensor network algorithms are a powerful technique for the study of quantum systems in condensed matter physics. In this short series of lectures, I will present an applied perspective on tensor network algorithms.
Cosmic inflation has given us a remarkably successful cosmological phenomenology. But the original goal of explaining why the cosmos is *likely* to take the form we observe has proven very difficult to realize. I review the status of "eternal inflation" with an eye on the roles various infinities have (both helpful and unhelpful) in our current understanding. I then discuss attempts to construct an alternative cosmological framework that is truly finite, using ideas about equilibrium and dark energy. I report some recent results that point to observable signatures.
Tensor network algorithms are a powerful technique for the study of quantum systems in condensed matter physics. In this short series of lectures, I will present an applied perspective on tensor network algorithms.
The Polchinski equations for the Wilsonian renormalization group in the $D$--dimensional matrix scalar field theory can be written at large $N$ in a Hamiltonian form. The Hamiltonian defines evolution along one extra holographic dimension (energy scale) and can be found exactly for the subsector of $Tr\phi^n$ (for all $n$) operators. We show that at low energies independently of the dimensionality $D$ the Hamiltonian system in question reduces to the {\it integrable} effective theory.