Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
A family of probability distributions (i.e. a statistical model) is said to be sufficient for another, if there exists a transition matrix transforming the probability distributions in the former to the probability distributions in the latter. The so-called Blackwell-Sherman-Stein Theorem provides necessary and sufficient conditions for one statistical model to be sufficient for another, by comparing their "information values" in a game-theoretical framework. In this talk, I will extend some of these ideas to the quantum case.
I will discuss the geometry of heterotic string compactifications with fluxes. The compactifications on 6 dimensional manifolds which preserve N=1 supersymmetry in 4 dimensions must be complex manifolds with vanishing first Chern class, but which are not in general Kahler (and therefore not Calabi-Yau manifolds) together with a vector bundle on the manifold which must satisfy a complicated differential equation. The flux, which can be viewed as a torsion, is the obstruction to the manifold being Kahler.
The 7 TeV LHC run has the potential to shed light on extensions beyond the Standard Model. I will discuss the prospects for finding new colored particles in an optimistic signature for discovery, heavy flavor jets and missing energy. I will illustrate the use of Simplified Models in guiding the organization of searches and presentation of results. Finally, I will discuss finer jet observables, and their possible applications in understanding Standard Model backgrounds and distinguishing new physics in a jet-rich environment.
I will introduce the gravitational microlensing, its application to the compact dark matter detection and the extra-solar planet observations. EROS has been performed the microlensing observation in four directions of the Galactic plane, away from the Galactic center. I will report the observational results and the interpret the data within the Standard Galactic model. As a result we extract the best fit to the dust contribution in the Galactic disk, orientation of the Galactic bar and the abundance of the red giants compare to local stellar distribution.
The model of an arbitrarily varying quantum channel will be introduced in strict analogy to the classical definition by Blackwell, Breiman and Thomasian. We will then consider the task of entanglement transmission over such a channel and take a look at the methods, both from classical and quantum information theory, that enter the direct part of our proof of a quantum version of Ahlswede's dichotomy for the capacity of classical arbitrarily varying channels. Differences to the classical setting will be pointed out.