Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
I will present a class of models in which the dark matter particle carries flavor quantum numbers, and has renormalizable contact interactions with Standard Model fields. In particular, I will focus on models where the dark matter flavor is identified with lepton flavor in the Standard Model. The region of parameter space where the dark matter has the right abundance to be a thermal relic is accessible at current direct detection experiments.
We study the constraints imposed by the existence of a single higher spin conserved current on a three dimensional conformal field theory. A single higher spin conserved current implies the existence of an infinite number of higher spin conserved currents. The correlation functions of the stress tensor and the conserved currents are then shown to be equal to those of a free field theory. Namely a theory of $N$ free bosons or free fermions. This is an extension of the Coleman-Mandula theorem to CFT's, which do not have a conventional S matrix.
We present strategies of searching for supersymmetric non-standard decays of Standard Model (SM)-like Higgs bosons (h2) at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), motivated by ''Dark Light Higgs'' (DLH) scenario. The DLH sccenario represents a limit of the nearly-Peccei-Quinn-symmetric Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, where there naturally co-exist two light singlet-like particles: a scalar (h1), a pseudoscalar (a1), and a light singlino-like DM candidate (\chi_1), all with masses of order 10 GeV or below.
Supersymmetry plays a fundamental role in the radiative stability of many inflationary models. I will explain how supersymmetry and naturalness require additional scalar degrees of freedom with masses on the order of the inflationary Hubble scale. These fields lead to distinctive non-gaussian signatures that may be observable in both the CMB and large scale structure.
The channeling of the ion recoiling after a collision with a WIMP produces a larger ionization/scintillation signal in direct dark matter detection experiments than otherwise expected. I will present estimates of the channeling fractions and their impact on data fits. I will also discuss the possibility of having a daily modulation of the signal due to channeling. Since this modulation depends on the recoil directions and thus on the orientation of the detector with respect to the galaxy, it would be a background free signature.
A fractional quantized Hall nematic (FQHN) is a novel phase in which a fractional quantum Hall conductance coexists with broken rotational symmetry characteristic of a nematic. Both the topological and symmetry-breaking order present are essential for the description of the state, e..g, in terms of transport properties. Remarkably, such a state has recently been observed by Xia et al. (cond-mat/1109.3219) in a quantum Hall sample at 7/3 filling fraction.
Recent years have seen a renewed interest, both theoretically and experimentally, in the search for topological states of matter. On the theoretical side, while much progress has been achieved in providing a general classification of non-interacting topological states, the fate of these phases in the presence of strong interactions remains an open question. The purpose of this talk is to describe recent developments on this front.