Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
In this second presentation, we will revisit Feynman's first argument and discuss how it still strongly influences variational studies of relativistic field theories with MPS or cMPS. However, as we explain, this argument can be completely overcome by introducing different variational parameters for the different length scales in the system, a strategy that naturally results in the MERA for lattice systems, or its continuous version for field theories.
In this talk I will describe how to generalize the multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz to quantum fields. The resulting variational class of wavefunctions, cMERA, arising from this RG flow are translation invariant and exhibit an entropy-area law. I'll illustrate the construction for some example fields, and describe how to cover the case of interacting theories.
The Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) collaboration has observed the two-neutrino double beta decay of 136Xe with EXO-200, a prototype to the full EXO detector in development. This second order process, predicted by the Standard Model, has been observed for several nuclei but not for 136Xe. The observed decay rate provides new input to matrix element calculations and to the search for the more interesting neutrino-less double-beta decay, the most sensitive probe for the existence of Majorana particles and the measurement of the neutrino mass scale.
Topological Quantum field theories(TQFTs) are a special class of QFTs. Their actions do not depend on the metric of the background space-time manifold. Thus, it is very natural to define TQFTs on an arbitrary triangulation of the space-time manifold and they are independent on the triangulation. More importantly, TQFTs defined on triangulations are always a finite theory associated with a well defined cut-off. A well known example is the Turaev-Viro states sum invariants.
Several mechanisms can lead to production of particles during inflation. I discuss how this phenomenon can induce a contribution to the primordial spectrum of gravitational waves with unusual properties: the tensors produced this way can violate parity; can have a large three-point function; can have a relatively large tensor-to-scalar ratio even if inflation occurs at low energies; finally, their spectrum can display a feature that can be directly detected by second-generation gravitational interferometers such as advanced LIGO.
The MERA offers a powerful variational approach to quantum field theory. While the continuous MERA may allow us to directly address field theories in the continuum, the MERA on the lattice has already demonstrated its ability to characterize conformal field theories. In this talk I will explain how to extract the conformal data (central charge, primary fields, and their scaling dimensions and OPE) of a CFT from a quantum spin chain at a quantum critical point.
One might be confused by the proliferation of tensor network states, such as MPS, PEPS, tree tensor networks [TTN], MERA, etc. What is the main difference between them? In this talk I will argue that the geometry of a tensor network determines several properties of the state that is being represented, such as the asymptotic scaling of correlations and of entanglement entropy. I will also describe the relation between the MERA and the Renormalization Group, and will review Brian Swingle
We generalize the result of Bravyi et al. on the stability of the spectral gap for frustration-free, commuting Hamiltonians, by removing the assumption of commutativity and weakening the assumptions needed for stability.
In 1987, Feynman devoted one of his last lectures to highlighting three serious objections against the usefulness of the variational principle in the theory of relativistic quantum fields. In that same year, in a different branch of physics, Affleck, Kennedy, Lieb and Tasaki devised a quantum state that resulted in the development of a handful of different variational ansÃ¤tze for lattice models over the last two decennia. These quantum states are known as tensor network states and invalidate at least two of Feynman's arguments.
I will talk about matrix product states and their suitability for simulating quantum many-body systems in the continuum.