Video Library

Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres.  Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.  Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA)PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org. 

  

 

Friday May 08, 2009
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In this talk we will discuss the (local) construction of a calibrated G_2 structure on the 7-dimensional quotient of an 8-dimensional quaternion-Kahler (QK) manifold M under the action of a group S^1 of isometries. The idea is to construct explicitly a 3-form of type G_2, using the data associated to the S^1 action and to the QK structure on M. In the same spirit, we can consider the level sets of the QK moment-map square-norm function on M, and again take the S^1 quotient: we will discuss in this case the construction of half-flat metrics in dimension 6, under suitable circumstances.

 

Friday May 08, 2009
Speaker(s): 

This is joint work with Francois Lalonde. Using an analogue of Seidel's homomorphism in Lagrangian Floer homology for one Lagrangian, we give a condition for a diffeomorphism on a Lagrangian to extend to a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism on the whole symplectic manifold.

 

Friday May 08, 2009
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This talk is a report on joint work with Mohammed Abouzaid and Ludmil Katzarkov about mirror symmetry for blowups, from the perspective of the Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture. Namely, we first describe how to construct a Lagrangian torus fibration on the blowup of a toric variety X along a codimension 2 subvariety S contained in a toric hypersurface. Then we discuss the SYZ mirror and its instanton corrections, to provide an explicit description of the mirror Landau-Ginzburg model (possibly up to higher order corrections to the superpotential).

 

Wednesday May 06, 2009

Quantum random walks have received much interest due to their non-
intuitive dynamics, which may hold a key to radically new quantum
algorithms. What remains a major challenge is a physical realization
that is experimentally viable, readily scalable, and not limited to
specific connectivity criteria. In this seminar, I will present an
implementation scheme for quantum walking on arbitrarily complex
graphs. This scheme is particularly elegant since the walker is not
required to physically step between the nodes; only flipping coins is

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Wednesday May 06, 2009
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Recently methods of integrability were shown to be useful for solving gauge theories in various dimensions. I will make an introduction into integrability in two dimensions and demonstrate how the integrability works also for some three and four dimensional gauge theories.

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Tuesday May 05, 2009
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Researchers in quantum foundations claim (D'Ariano, Fuchs, ...):

Quantum = probability theory + x

and hence:

x = Quantum - probability theory

Guided by the metaphorical analogy:

probability theory / x = flesh / bones

we introduce a notion of quantum measurement within x, which, when flesing it with Hilbert spaces, provides orthodox quantum mechanical probability calculus.

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Tuesday May 05, 2009
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A modified version of PQCD considered in previous works is further investigated in the case of a vanishing gluon condensate, by retaining only the quark one. In this case the Green functions generating functional is expressed in a simple form in which Dirac’s delta functions are now absent from the free propagators. The new expansion implements the dimensional transmutation effect through a single interaction vertex in addition to the standard ones in mass less QCD. The results of an ongoing two loop evaluation of the vacuum energy will be presented.

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Monday May 04, 2009
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Solving linear systems of equations is a common problem that arises both on its own and as a subroutine in more complex problems: given a matrix A and a vector b, find a vector x such that Ax=b. Often, one does not need to know the solution x itself, but rather an approximation of the expectation value of some operator associated with x, e.g., x'Mx for some matrix M. In this case, when A is sparse and well-conditioned, with largest dimension N, the best known classical algorithms can find x and estimate x'Mx in O(N * poly(log(N))) time.

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