Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
This course provides a thorough introduction to the bosonic string based on the Polyakov path integral and conformal field theory. We introduce central ideas of string theory, the tools of conformal field theory, the Polyakov path integral, and the covariant quantization of the string. We discuss string interactions and cover the tree-level and one loop amplitudes. More advanced topics such as T-duality and D-branes will be taught as part of the course. The course is geared for M.Sc. and Ph.D. students enrolled in Collaborative Ph.D. Program in Theoretical Physics.
I comment on rather significant recent developments that are relevant for proposals I had presented in previous PI seminars. The Fermi/GLAST space telescope has reported observations that would naturally fit previous formalizations of Planck-scale-induced in-vacuo dispersion (but also quite a few other things). And the unexplained excess noise found at the GEO600 interferometer is just of the type that had been previously described in terms of phenomenological models of spacetime foam (but may well be caused by quite a few other things).
The fundamental laws of physics are very simple. The world about us is very complex. Living things are very complex indeed. This complexity has led some thinkers to suggest that living things are not the outcome of physical law but instead the creation of a designer. Here I examine how complexity is produced naturally in fluids.
Holographic superconductors provide tractable models for the onset of superconductivity in strongly coupled theories. They have some features in common with experimentally studied nonconventional superconductors. I will review the physics of holographic superconductors and go on to show that many such models are to be found in the string landscape of AdS_4 vacua.
We study the entanglement dynamics and relaxation properties of a system of two interacting qubits in the two cases (I) two independent bosonic baths and (II) one common bath, at temperature $T$. The entanglement dynamics is studied in terms of the concurrence C(t) between the two spins and of the von Neumann entropy S(t) with respect to the bath, as a function of time. We prove that the system does thermalize. In the case (II) of a single bath, the existence of a decoherence-free (DFS) subspace makes entanglement dynamics very rich.
Lecture on Quantum Groups by Lucy Zhang
s-channel resonances are predicted by many models of Physics Beyond the Standard Model and it is quite possible that such an object will be discovered in the early years of the LHC program. If this occurs, the task will be to understand its origins. A brief survey of models that predict s-channel resonances will be given, concentrating mainly on extra neutral gauge bosons (Z' 's) arising from extended gauge theories. This will be followed by a description of how to search for a Z' and the resulting Z' discovery reach of the LHC.
This course provides a thorough introduction to the bosonic string based on the Polyakov path integral and conformal field theory. We introduce central ideas of string theory, the tools of conformal field theory, the Polyakov path integral, and the covariant quantization of the string. We discuss string interactions and cover the tree-level and one loop amplitudes. More advanced topics such as T-duality and D-branes will be taught as part of the course. The course is geared for M.Sc. and Ph.D. students enrolled in Collaborative Ph.D. Program in Theoretical Physics.
The great advances in observational cosmology in the last few years have delivered us an unprecedented amount of new data. They begin to indicate with confidence that in the past our universe underwent a phase of acceleration, called inflation, and that it is currently undergoing a similar phase, usually thought of as a consequence of a cosmological constant. I will show how inflation can be probed, using to this purpose a very general effective field theory description.