Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The T2K experiment studies neutrino properties by producing a beam of muon neutrinos and sending them 295 km across Japan to the Super-Kamiokande detector. En route, neutrinos undergo a transmutation known as “neutrino oscillations” wherein they can transition to two other species or flavours, electron and tau neutrinos.
For a finite group G, a G-gerbe over a space B can be thought of as a fiber bundle over B with fibers the classifying orbifold BG. Hellerman-Henriques-Pantev-Sharpe studied conformal field theories on G-gerbes. Given a G-gerbe Y-> B, they constructed a disconnected space \widehat{Y} endowed with a locally constant U(1) 2-cocycle c. They conjectured that a CFT on Y is equivalent to a CFT on \widehat{Y} twisted by the "B-field" c.
Experimentalists are getting better and better at building qubits, but no matter how hard they try, their qubits will never be perfect. In order to build a large quantum computer, we will almost certainly need to encode the qubits using quantum error-correcting codes and encode the quantum circuits using fault-tolerant protocols. This will eventually allow reliable quantum computation even when the individual components are imperfect.