Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Interferometers capture a basic mystery of quantum mechanics: a single particle can exhibit wave behavior, yet that wave behavior disappears when one tries to determine the particle's path inside the interferometer. This idea has been formulated quantitatively as an inequality, e.g., by Englert and Jaeger, Shimony, and Vaidman, which upper bounds the sum of the interference visibility and the path distinguishability. Such wave-particle duality relations (WPDRs) are often thought to be conceptually inequivalent to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, although this has been debated.
I will discuss the violation of spin-charge separation in generic Luttinger liquids and investigate its effect on the relaxation, thermal and electrical transport of genuine spin-1/2 electron liquids in ballistic quantum wires. We will identify basic scattering processes compatible with the symmetry of the problem and conservation laws that lead to the decay of plasmons into the spin modes and also discuss Brownian backscattering of spin excitations.
I will discuss the violation of spin-charge separation in generic Luttinger liquids and investigate its effect on the relaxation, thermal and electrical transport of genuine spin-1/2 electron liquids in ballistic quantum wires. We will identify basic scattering processes compatible with the symmetry of the problem and conservation laws that lead to the decay of plasmons into the spin modes and also discuss Brownian backscattering of spin excitations.
We discuss a topological description of the confining phase of (Super-)Yang-Mills theories with gauge group SU(N) which encodes all the Aharonov-Bohm phases of configurations of non-local operators. This topological action shows an additional 1-form gauge symmetry. After the introduction of domain walls, this 1-form gauge symmetry demands the appearance of new fields on the worldvolume of the wall. These new fields have a topological Chern-Simons action at level N, also suggested by string theory constructions.
We discuss a topological description of the confining phase of (Super-)Yang-Mills theories with gauge group SU(N) which encodes all the Aharonov-Bohm phases of configurations of non-local operators. This topological action shows an additional 1-form gauge symmetry. After the introduction of domain walls, this 1-form gauge symmetry demands the appearance of new fields on the worldvolume of the wall. These new fields have a topological Chern-Simons action at level N, also suggested by string theory constructions.
Cosmological perturbations are sourced by quantum fluctuations of the vacuum during inflation. In contrast, our observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background are classical. Can we test for the quantum origins of the perturbations? How much quantum information is lost when we make these observations? Have we totally screwed up by building PLANCK, and measured the correlations in the wrong basis and hence losing the primordial quantum information for good? I will talk about all these!
I will talk about the implications of the current LHC results and the Higgs discovery on the principle of Naturalness, that has been guiding particle physics for the last forty years. Then I will discuss the role that low energy experiments can play for the future of particle physics.
An overview of the latest Higgs physics results from the ATLAS collaboration will be presented. Next year, the Large Hadron collider will restart at a higher collision energy after a 2-year shutdown. The Higgs physics programme for this next data taking period will be discussed.