Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Using Picard-Lefschetz theory we show that the Lorentzian path integral forms a good starting point for quantum cosmology which avoids the conformal factor problem present in Euclidean gravity. We study the Lorentzian path integral for a homogeneous and isotropic model with a positive cosmological constant. Applied to the “no-boundary” proposal, we show that this leads to the inverse of the result obtained by Hartle and Hawking.
We give an introduction to cMERA, a continuous tensor networks ansatz for ground states of QFTs. We also explore a particular feature of it: an intrinsic length scale that acts as an ultraviolet cutoff. We provide evidence for the existence of this cutoff based on the entanglement structure of a particular family of cMERA states, namely Gaussian states optimized for free bosonic and fermionic CFTs. Our findings reflect that short distance entanglement is not fully present in the ansatz states, thus hinting at ultraviolet regularization.
A canonical analysis for general relativity is performed on a null surface without fixing the diffeomorphism gauge, and the canonical pairs of configuration and momentum variables are derived. Next to the well-known spin-2 pair, also spin-1 and spin-0 pairs are identified. The boundary action for a null boundary segment of spacetime is obtained, including terms on codimension two corners.
FH, Laurent Freidel arXiv:1611.03096, Phys. Rev. D 95, 104006 (2017)
I will introduce the idea that topological field theories describe the low-energy properties of gapped local quantum systems. This idea has proved fruitful in recent studies of gapped phases of matter.
Extracting low energy universal data of quantum critical systems is a task whose difficulty increases with decreasing dimension. The increasing strength of quantum fluctuations can be tamed by using renormalization group (RG) schemes based on dimensional regularization close to the upper critical dimension of the system. By presenting a non-perturbative approach that allows the reliable extraction of the low energy universal data for the antiferromagnetic quantum critical metal in $2 \leq d
We describe the tunneling of a quantum mechanical particle with a Lorentzian (realtime) path integral. The analysis is made concrete by application to the inverted harmonic oscillator potential, where the path integral is known exactly. We apply Picard-Lefschetz theory to the time integral of the Feynmann propagator at fixed energy, and show that the Euclidean integration contour is obtained as a Lefschetz thimble, or a sum of them, in a suitable limit.
We investigate response functions near quantum critical points, allowing for finite temperature and a mild deformation by a relevant scalar. When the quantum critical point is described by a conformal field theory, we use conformal perturbation theory and holography to determine the two leading corrections to the scalar two-point function and to the conductivity. We build a bridge between the couplings fixed by conformal symmetry with the interaction couplings in the gravity theory.
Quantum relative entropy is a measure of the indistinguishability of two quantum states in the same
Hilbert space. I will discuss the relative entropy between a state with periodic boundary conditions and
one with twisted boundary conditions for a free 1+1 CFT with c=1. I will also highlight the unresolved
discrepancy between analytic and numeric results.
Existing proposals for topological quantum computation have encountered
difficulties in recent years in the form of several ``obstructing'' results.
These are not actually no-go theorems but they do present some serious
obstacles. A further aggravation is the fact that the known topological
error correction codes only really work well in spatial dimensions higher
than three. In this talk I will present a method for modifying a higher
Kontsevich and Soibelman defined Donaldson-Thomas invariants of a 3d Calabi-Yau category with a stability condition. Any cluster variety gives rise to a family of such categories. Their DT invariants are encapsulated in single formal automorphism of the cluster variety, called the DT-transformation. An oriented surface S with punctures, and a finite number of special points on the boundary give rise to a moduli space, closely related to the moduli space of PGL(m)-local systems on S, which carries a canonical cluster Poisson variety structure.
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