Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
There is a common framework for the measurement problem for sensors such as radars, sonars, and optics in a common language by casting analysis of signals in the language of quantum mechanics (Rigged Hilbert Space). The use of this language can reveal a more detailed understanding of the underlying interactions of a return signal that are not usually brought out by standard signal processing design techniques.
In 2005 R. Spekkens presented a generalization of noncontextuality that applies to imperfect measurements (POVMs) by allowing the underlying ontological model to be indeterministic. Unlike traditional Bell-Kochen-Specker noncontextuality, ontological models of a single qubit were shown to be contextual under this definition. Recently, M. Pusey showed that, under certain conditions, exhibiting an anomalous weak value implies contextuality.
Measurements performed at variable strengths show that non-commuting physical properties are related by complex-valued statistics, where the complex phase expresses the action of transformations along orbits represented by the eigenstates. In strong measurements, the dynamics along the orbits is completely randomized, which means that the pure states prepared by such a measurement actually represent ergodic statistics where the coherence between components originates from quantum dynamics.
Peculiarities of quantum mechanical predictions on a fundamental level are investigated intensively in matter-wave optical setups; in particular, neutron interferometric strategy has been providing almost ideal experimental circumstances for experimental demonstrations of quantum effects. In this device quantum interference between beams spatially separated on a macroscopic scale is put on explicit view.
We propose and theoretically investigate the implementation of entangling operations on two two-level atoms using cavity-QED scenarios. The atoms interact with an optical cavity and their state is postselected in a noninvasive way by measuring the optical field after the interaction. We show that the resulting quantum operation can be exploited to implement an entanglement purification protocol, where a fidelity larger than one half with respect to any Bell state is not a necessary condition.
Introducing a new field which makes the Hamiltonian unbounded, we show that vacuum fluctuations of a scalar field destabilized the flatspace. Perturbation in this new scalar field, may also explain some astrophysical phenomena in the galactic scale.
In classical mechanics, only the initial state of the system is needed to determine its time evolution. Additional information on the final state is either redundant or inconsistent. In quantum mechanics, however, the initial state does not convey all measurements’ outcomes. Only when augmented with a final quantum state, which can be understood as propagating backwards in time, a richer, more complete picture of quantum reality is portrayed.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series