Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, public outreach events such as talks from top scientists using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.
Recordings of events in these areas are all available and On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Accessibly by anyone with internet, Perimeter aims to share the power and wonder of science with this free library.
Cosmological perturbation theory has a long tradition for describing the early phases of the Universe. As the observations of the CMB radiation suggest, it is reasonable, at least as a first approximation, to implement cosmological inhomogeneities as small perturbations around homogeneous and isotropic FRW solutions. In these approaches, backreactions between the inhomogeneities and the background are usually neglected. There is an ongoing debate about how and to which extend these backreactions affect the large scale structure of the Universe.
Bergman's Diamond Lemma for ring theory gives an algorithm to produce a (non-canonical) basis for a ring presented by generators and relations. After demonstrating this algorithm in concrete, geometrically-minded examples, I'll turn to preprojective algebras and their multiplicative counterparts. Using the Diamond Lemma, I'll reprove a few classical results for preprojective algebras. Then I'll propose a conjectural basis for multiplicative preprojective algebras.
In quantum spin systems, the existence of a spectral gap above the ground state has strong implications for the low-energy physics. We survey recent results establishing spectral gaps in various frustration-free spin systems by verifying finite-size criteria. The talk is based on collaborations with Abdul-Rahman, Lucia, Mozgunov, Nachtergaele, Sandvik, Yang, Young, and Wang.
I will explain how dark energy in cosmology could arise from the
noisy diffusion of energy from the low energy degrees of freedom of matter (described in terms of QFT)
to the fundamental Planckian granularity (expected from quantum gravity). This
perspective leads to a natural model resolving the fine tuning problem associated to the small
value of the cosmological constant. However, recent observations suggest that the dark energy
component in our universe might not be constant and should instead have grown from the recombination time to the present.