Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
New developments in time-of-flight neutron spectroscopy allow a remarkably comprehensive determination of the full spin and phonon excitation spectrum in many materials. I will discuss these new techniques and show results from the "214" family of layered quantum magnets - which are also the La(2-x)Ba/Sr(x)CuO4 high Tc superconductors. We observe the expected highly dispersive spin excitations emanating from the "pi-pi" magnetic zone centres, as well as a host of optic and acoustic phonons, and roughly speaking, the spin and phonon excitations separate as a function of momentum.
Recently three-dimensional versions of honeycomb-lattice iridates, beta and gamma phases of Li2IrO3, have been discovered. It has been theoretically suggested that these hyperhoneycomb iridates may hold promise for the realization of the Kitaev spin liquid or the exactly solvable model for the elusive quantum spin liquid phase. Recent scattering experiments on these systems have, however, revealed highly non-trivial magnetic spiral phases.
Akin to liquid crystals, electronic nematic phases have been theorized and observed in several correlated materials, including cuprate and pnictide superconductors. I will discuss how electronic nematicity is observed in stripe-ordered cuprates using resonant x-ray scattering and how it relates to structural distortions and charge-density wave order.
In this talk, I will discuss some of the recent progress made on low energy effective field theories for non-Fermi liquids. Based on a dimensional regularization scheme, physical properties of various non-Fermi liquid states can be computed in controlled ways. I will emphasize novel features that arise due to the interplay between interaction and the presence of extensive gapless modes near Fermi surface. The examples include non-analytic expansion in coupling, emergent locality and UV/IR mixing.
I will discuss a new duality between strongly coupled and weakly coupled condensed matter systems. It can be obtained by combining the gauge-gravity duality with analog gravity. In my talk I will explain how one arrives at the new duality, what it can be good for, and what questions this finding raises.
It has been recently established that a magnetized relativistic plasma yields an interesting example of a Weyl metal. I discuss the properties of magnetized relativistic plasma and its possible role in some astrophysics phenomena.
Double perovskites, a class of oxide materials with 3d and 5d transition metal ions, can realize a wide variety of interesting phases. Here we focus on our recent theoretical work suggesting the appearance of Chern insulators, and possible emergent nematic phases at Chern transitions in such systems. We will also discuss Mott insulating double perovskites with iridium moments which appear to host unusual magnetic interactions on the 3-dimensional fcc lattice, and present comparisons with experimental data.
Muon spin rotation/relaxation is a powerful technique for studying unconventional superconductors, whose order parameter doesn't have the same symmetry as its host material's crystal structure. I will describe our work on Sr2RuO4, UPt3, CuxBi2Se3 and other topical systems, some of which exhibit broken time reversal symmetry in their superconducting states.
A series of fundamental discoveries over the past thirty years has dramatically improved our ability to read, write, and process magnetically stored information. I will briefly review some of these advances before focusing on the recently discovered and particularly promising spin-orbit torques which act on the collective spin of thin film magnetic conductors when they are placed on a substrate with strong spin-orbit interactions. Spin-orbit torques are normally interpreted in terms of the spin Hall effect, spin-current that flows perpendicular to charge current in any conductor.