This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
I will survey some open problems posed by experiments on condensed matter systems, such as the high temperature superconductors. I will argue that their solutions require analyses of strong-coupling regimes which cannot be addressed by conventional field-theoretic means. I will describe insights drawn from the AdS/CFT correspondence, and discuss the connections to theories with simple gravity duals.
Ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions are one of the most difficult problems for theoretical physicists: they probe non-abelian dynamics deep in the non-perturbative (strong coupling) regime in a many-body system, are highly dynamical (strong gradients), exhibit collective behavior, and involve phase transitions. Fluid dynamics with input from holography is surprisingly good at describing some aspects of experimental data in heavy-ion collisions.
We utilize the tools of the gauge/gravity correspondence in order to investigate electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). For quite some time now, a walking technicolor sector has been viewed by phenomenologists as a very promising alternative to the Higgs boson. Unfortunately however, no precise computations have been possible since in the technicolor gauge theory EWSB is due to strong-coupling dynamics.
Recently there has been great interest in calculating transport coefficients for field theories at large coupling, using AdS/CFT. In this talk I will discuss recent work showing how to use the membrane paradigm to easily compute the shear viscosity and conductivity in arbitrary gravity theories. In a certain sense these can be thought of as effective couplings at the black hole horizon dual to the field theory plasma. An explicit Wald-like formula for these couplings is given for a large class of generalized gravity theories.
Universal scaling behavior of the entanglement entropy in conformal field theories uncovered by a holographic calculation.
Complete classification of topological insulators (including, e.g., the quantum Hall effect and the quantum spin Hall systems), and superconductors (including, e.g., chiral p-wave SC and the B-phase of 3He). An interacting bosonic model that realizes a topological superconducting phase in three spatial dimensions.
We study the sub-structure of heterotic Kahler moduli space due to the presence of non-Abelian internal gauge fields from the perspective of the four-dimensional effective theory. Internal gauge fields can be supersymmetric in some regions of Kahler moduli space but break supersymmetry in others. In the context of the four-dimensional theory, we investigate what happens when the Kahler moduli are changed from the supersymmetric to the non-supersymmetric region.
We present a string dual to finite temperature N=4 SYM coupled to Nf massless flavors with abelian symmetry. The solution includes the backreaction of the flavor up to second order in the ratio N_f/N_c times the 't Hooft coupling at the temperature of the dual QGP. The thermodynamics show a departure from conformality as a second order effect, and the energy loss of a quark through the plasma is enhanced by new degrees of freedom.