This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
A classical Einstein-Rosen bridge changes the topology of spacetime,allowing (for example) electric field lines to penetrate it. It has recently been suggested that in the bulk of a theory of quantum gravity, the quantum entanglement of ordinary perturbative quanta should be viewed as creating a quantum version of an Einstein-Rosen bridge between the quanta, or a “quantum wormhole”. For this “ER=EPR” correspondence to make sense it then seems necessary for a quantum wormhole to allow (for example) electric field lines to penetrate it.
We review recent versions of the information paradox, framed in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We describe how they can be resolved using "state dependent" bulk to boundary maps for the black hole interior in AdS/CFT. We argue that this feature is necessary not only for single sided black holes but also for the eternal black hole.
Main properties of generalized contraction methods of Lie algebras, known also as expansion methods, are briefly introduced. Between some of their physical applications, one might study the nature of solutions in theories constructed with those expanded algebras. In particular, as we are interested in solutions that could be relevant in the context of AdS/CFT and Holographic Superconductors, we would like to study the holographic QFT dual to Chern-Simons gravity for an expansion of AdS algebra.
In this talk I will discuss the non-equilibrium response of Chern insulators [1]. Focusing on the Haldane model, we study the dynamics induced by quantum quenches between topological and non-topological phases. A notable feature is that the Chern number, calculated for an infinite system, is unchanged under the dynamics following such a quench. However, in finite geometries, the initial and final Hamiltonians are distinguished by the presence or absence of edge modes. We study the edge excitations and describe their impact on the experimentally-observable edge currents and magnetization.
The gauge/gravity enables us to learn about quantum gravity by solving gauge theory. This is not an easy task, of course, and hence numerical techniques should play important roles. So far, properties of super Yang-Mills theories with Euclidean signature, such as the thermodynamic properties, have been studied by using Monte Carlo methods, and good agreement with the dual gravity prediction has been observed, including stringy corrections, both alpha prime and and g_s. Still, the real-time properties are not well understood.
We will discuss techniques for computing 4-point functions of local operators in 2D conformal field theories, and their implications for semiclassical 3D quantum gravity. For generic 4-point functions, we present new closed-form expansions of the Virasoro conformal blocks. Specializing to correlators of holomorphic operators, these can be efficiently and exactly determined using an analytic implementation of the conformal bootstrap.
In this talk I will propose a general correspondence which associates a non-perturbative quantum mechanical operator to a toric Calabi-Yau manifold, and I will propose a conjectural expression for its spectral determinant. As a consequence of these results, I will derive an exact quantization condition for the operator spectrum. I will give a concrete illustration of this conjecture by focusing on the example of local P2.
Using holography, I will describe an approach for understanding the physics of a big bang singularity by translating the problem into the language of the dual quantum field theory. Certain two-point correlators in the dual field theory are sensitive to near-singularity physics in a dramatic way, and this provides an avenue for investigating how strong quantum gravity effects in string theory might modify the classical description of the big bang.
The talk will be based on a work in progress with Stefano Kovacs
(Dublin IAS) and Yuki Sato (Wits University). In a previous work
(arxiv:1310.0016) we have shown that,
in the M-theory regime (large N with the Chern-Simon level k fixed)
of the duality between ABJM theory and M-theory on AdS4 x S7/Zk,
certain monopole operators with large R charges on the gauge theory side
correspond to spherical membranes
(which is in general in non-BPS excited states) in the pp-wave matrix
model on the dual side.
The analogy between Multi-scale Entanglement Renormalization
Ansatz (MERA) and the spatial slice of three-dimensional anti-de
Sitter space (AdS3) has motivated a great interest in tensor networks
among holographers. I discuss a way to promote this analogy to a
rigorous, quantitative, and constructive relation. A key quantitative
ingredient is the way the strong subadditivity of entanglement entropy
is encoded in MERA and in a holographic spacetime. The upshot is that
the map between MERA and the spatial slice of AdS3 is mediated through