This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
I will review various aspects of field theories that posses a Lifshitz scaling symmetry. I will detail our study of the cohomological structure of anisotropic Weyl anomalies (the equivalent of trace anomalies in relativistic scale invariant field theories). I will also analyze the hydrodynamics of Lifshitz field theories and in particular of Lifshitz superfluids which may give insights into the physics of high temperature superconductors.
We describe a new correspondence between four-dimensional conformal field theories with extended supersymmetry and two-dimensional chiral algebras. We explore the resulting chiral algebras in the context of theories of class S. The class S duality web implies nontrivial associativity properties for the corresponding chiral algebras, the structure of which can be summarized by a generalized topological quantum field theory.
At large N, an important sector of the ABJM field theory defined on a stack of N M2-branes can be described holographically by the D=4 N=8 SO(8)-gauged supergravity of de Wit and Nicolai. Since its inception, the latter has been tacitly assumed to be unique. Recently, however, a one-parameter family of SO(8) gaugings of N=8 supergravity has been discovered, the de Wit-Nicolai theory being just a member in this class. I will explain how this overlooked family of SO(8)-gauged supergravities is deeply related to electric/magnetic duality breaking in four dimensions.
We construct the gravity duals of large N supersymmetric gauge theories on a squashed five-sphere. They are constructed in Euclidean Romans F(4) gauged supergravity in six-dimensions. We find a one- as well as a two-parameter family of solutions and evaluate the renormalised on-shell and fundamental string action for these solutions to find precise agreement with gauge theory.
We provide a framework for describing gravity duals of four-dimensional N=1 superconformal field theories obtained by compactifying a stack of M5-branes on a Riemann surface. The gravity solutions are completely specified by two scalar potentials whose pole structures on the Riemann surface correspond to the spectrum of punctures that labels different theories. We discuss how to identify these puncture in gravity.
We study a class of 4d N=1 SCFTs obtained from partial compactifications of 6d N=(2, 0) theory on a Riemann surface with punctures. We identify theories corresponding to curves with general type of punctures through nilpotent Higgsing and Seiberg dualities. The `quiver tails' of N=1 class S theories turn out to differ significantly from N=2 counterpart and have interesting properties. Various dual descriptions for such a theory can be found by using colored pair-of-pants decompositions. Especially, we find N=1 analog of Argyres-Seiberg duality for the SQCD with various gauge groups.
There is a proposed dS/CFT duality in 3+1 dimensions, with higher-spin gravity in the bulk subject to Bunch-Davies boundary conditions. I consider replacing these with antipodally symmetric conditions, which allow for real values of the bulk fields. I present spanning sets of solutions in global dS_4 for free gauge fields of all spins (including photons and gravitons), and use them to establish relations between antipodal symmetry and asymptotic behavior. Some of these relations can be extended to interacting theories, including ordinary and higher-spin gravity.
We consider M-theory in the presence of M parallel M5-branes probing a transverse A_{N-1} singularity. This leads to a superconformal theory with (1,0) supersymmetry in six dimensions. We compute the supersymmetric partition function of this theory on a two-torus, with arbitrary supersymmetry preserving twists, using the topological vertex formalism. Alternatively, we show that this can also be obtained by computing the elliptic genus of an orbifold of recently studied M-strings.
We present explicit computations and conjectures for 2 → 2 scattering matrices in large N U(N) Chern-Simons theories coupled to fundamental bosonic or fermionic matter to all orders in the ’t Hooft coupling expansion. The bosonic and fermionic S-matrices map to each other under the recently conjectured Bose-Fermi duality after a level-rank transposition. The S-matrices presented in this paper may be regarded as relativistic generalization of Aharonov-Bohm scattering.