This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Fields and Strings.
Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) describes the low-energy physics of electromagnetically conducting plasmas. In the conventional formulation of MHD, one introduces dynamical electromagnetic fields on top of the usual hydrodynamic setup by hand. In this talk, we will explore an alternate effective view of MHD purely based on symmetries, as a "string fluid" of magnetic field lines, without any assumption about the underlying microscopic field content. We will argue that MHD is described by a novel theory of superfluidity with a partially broken one-form symmetry.
I will give a holographic argument in favor of the AdS Penrose inequality, which conjectures a lower bound on the total mass in terms of the area of apparent horizons. This inequality is often viewed as a test of cosmic censorship. Time permitting, I’ll also discuss a generalization to charged black holes and connections with a quasi-local energy and the second law for apparent horizons.
In the first part of the talk, I will mention the ongoing numerical efforts using lattice calculations to understand the holographic dualities relating the super Yang-Mills (SYM) theories in various dimensions and their conjectured Type II supergravity theories in the decoupling limit. In the second part, I will discuss the tensor renormalization group study of the SU(2) gauge-Higgs model in two dimensions using the higher-order tensor renormalization group (HOTRG) algorithm and compare the results with the Monte Carlo simulations.
It is known that there is a relationship between conformal Carroll transformations and BMS symmetry. In this talk I will explore the geometry of generic Carroll structures which may be thought of as the basic underlying geometric structure on null hypersurfaces. A Carroll structure can be thought of as a fibre bundle with Ehresmann connection, and one finds that (generalized) BMS symmetry emerges as the conformal symmetry of this bundle and connection. I’ll briefly also describe how this story fits into the physics of ’soft modes.’
An assessment of the particle standard model and an alternative formulation of
the model are presented. An ultraviolet complete particle model is constructed
for the observed particles of the standard model. The quantum field theory
associates infinite derivative entire functions with propagators and vertices, which
make perturbative quantum loops finite and maintain Poincaré invariance and
unitarity of the model. The electroweak model SU(2) X U(1) group is treated as a
broken symmetry group with non-vanishing experimentally determined boson
Motivated by recent interesting holographic results, several attempts have been made to study complexity ( rather " Circuit Complexity") for quantum field theories using Nielsen's geometric method. But most of the studies so far have been limited to free quantum field theory. In this talk we will take a baby step towards understanding the circuit complexity for interacting quantum field theories. We will consider \lambda \phi^4 theory and discuss in detail how to set up the computation perturbatively in coupling.
Using knowledge about the spectrum of operators in N=4 SYM, consistency of OPE, and analytic bootstrap techniques, I will obtain 1- loop corrections for 4-pt functions of single particle half-BPS operators of IIB supergravity on AdS_5\timesS^5. Along the way, I will discuss a general formula for the leading anomalous dimension of all double-trace operators in the supergravity regime.
Seminar given remotely.
Recently I pointed out that reconstruction of interior operators can be interpreted as the Hayden-Preskill recovery. Building on this observation, I will propose a resolution of the firewall puzzle by describing a state-independent reconstruction of interior operators which does not lead to the non-local signaling.
We show how the extended thermodynamics of hyperbolic black holes in AdS describes features of quantum information measures in quantum field theory, and discuss prospects for making further connections. In particular, the second law of thermodynamics is seen in this context to map to the generalized Zamolodchikov c-theorem, connecting these two firmly for the first time. Some projects for getting further lessons and perhaps new tools from these connections (perhaps using holographic heat engines) are outlined.