This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
With the remarkable performance of the ATLAS and CMS detectors, jets at the LHC can now be characterized not just by their overall direction and energy but also by their substructure. At the same time, there has been substantial progress in predicting the properties of jets from first principles. In this talk, I highlight the ways that theoretical studies of jet substructure have enhanced our understanding of QCD, including examples that blur the boundary between perturbative and nonperturbative physics.
The holographic RG of Anti-De Sitter gives a powerful clue about the underlying AdS/CFT correspondence. The question is whether similar hints can be found for the heretofore elusive holographic dual of De Sitter. The framework of stochastic inflation uses nonperturbative insight to tame bad behavior in the perturbation series of a massless scalar in DS at late times. Remarkably, this fully quantum system loses phase information in the leading approximation, but retains a probabilistic character and allows for a controlled prediction of late time Green's functions.
Axions are an exceptionally well-motivated dark matter candidate in addition to being a consequence of the Peccei-Quinn solution to the strong CP problem. ADMX (Axion Dark Matter eXperiment) has recently been selected as the axion search for the US DOE Second-Generation Dark Matter Program. I will discuss the imminent upgrade of ADMX to a definitive search for micro-eV mass dark matter axions as well as the ongoing research and development of new technologies to expand the reach of ADMX to the entire plausible dark matter axion mass range.
Dark matter is clear evidence of the existence of new physics beyond the Standard Model, and there are compelling reasons to expect that this physics can be probed at the LHC. As we prepare for Run II, we must consider a wide range of possible phenomenology, leaving no stone unturned. In this talk, I present a set of scalar and pseudoscalar models which provide a useful framework to interpret dark matter results, and can motivate new searches in novel channels at the LHC.
One of the simplest low energy effective theories with Asymmetric Dark Matter contains a gauge singlet Dirac Fermion for the dark matter and a gauge singlet scalar as the mediator that the dark matter decays into. In this model I discuss the spectrum of bound states (two body and multi-body) and the cosmological production/dissociation of dark matter two body bound states.
Recent searches for a first-generation leptoquark by the CMS collaboration have shown around 2.5 sigma deviations from Standard Model predictions in both the eejj and e nu jj channels. Furthermore, the eejj invariant mass distribution has another 2.8 sigma excess from the CMS right-handed W plus heavy neutrino search. We point out that additional leptoquark production from a heavy coloron decay can provide a good explanation for all three excesses. The coloron has a mass around 2.1 TeV and the leptoquark mass can vary from 550 GeV to 650 GeV.
The theory of quantum electrodynamics is recognized for the most accurate predictions in physics confirmed by experiment. I review the recent results on high precision tests of QED with an emphasize on the study of the positronium bound state.
We show that in the presence of a chemical potential, black hole evaporation generates baryon number. If the inflaton or Ricci scalar is derivatively coupled to the B-L current, the expansion of the universe acts as a chemical potential and splits the energy levels of particles and their anti-particles. The asymmetric Hawking radiation of primordial black holes can thus be used to generate a B-L asymmetry. If dark matter is produced by the same mechanism, the coincidence between the mass density of visible and dark matter can be naturally explained.
After the 7 and 8 TeV LHC runs, we have no conclusive evidence of physics beyond the Standard Model, leading us to suspect that even if new physics is discovered during run II, the number of signal events may be limited, making it crucial to optimize measurements for the case of low statistics. I will argue that phase space correlations between subsequent on-shell decays in a cascade contain additional information compared to commonly used kinematic variables, and this can be used to significantly improve the precision and accuracy of mass measurements.
In the coming years, LHC experiments will measure Higgs properties, such as its couplings, with increasing precision. Electron-positron Higgs factories, such as the ILC or TLEP, would be able to achieve even better precision. In this talk, I will discuss some of the physics questions that can be addressed by a precision Higgs coupling measurement program. First, the issue of naturalness of the electroweak scale can be addressed in a robust, model-independent manner.