This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
The D0 Collaboration recently reported a 3.2sigma deviation from the standard model prediction in the like-sign dimuon asymmetry. I will discuss the implications of this anomaly assuming that new physics contributes only to B_{d,s} mixing. The data allow universal new physics with similar contributions relative to the SM in the B_d and B_s systems, but favors a larger deviation in B_s than in B_d mixing. The general minimal flavor violation framework with flavor diagonal CP violating phases can account for the former and remarkably even for the latter case.
Higher derivative extensions of the Standard Model are renormalizable but without a quadratic divergent higgs mass. Electroweak presision data constraint the scale of the higher derivatives to at least a few TeV, but then these models have no flavor problem. We skim through these and other interesting results, most remarkably causality as an emergent characteristic at long distances. But we start by explaining the indefinite metric quantization procedure proposed by Lee and Wick which is necessary for unitary.
The idea of an effective conformal theory describing the low-lying spectrum of the dilatation operator in a CFT is developed. Such an effective theory is useful when the spectrum contains a hierarchy in the dimension of operators, and a small parameter whose role is similar to that of 1/N in a large N gauge theory. These criteria insure that there is a regime where the dilatation operator is modified perturbatively.
CRESST is a cryogenic dark matter search located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. Scintillating CaWO4 crystals are operated as cryogenic calorimeters. The phonon (heat) signal measured with a tungten transition edge sensor on the surface of these crystals allows a precise determination of the energy deposited in the crystal, independent of the type of interaction. A light signal, simultaneously registered by a separate cryogenic detector, serves to identify the type of interaction.
TBA
The consequences of the fact that electroweak scale particles are often produced beyond threshold has been appreciated only recently.
Hydrodynamics is the universal theory describing the behavior of fluids when their spacetime variation is on scales longer than any microphysical scale in the fluid. Relativistic hydro has applications in heavy ion collisions and early Universe cosmology, and has seen a surge of interest due to heavy ion experiments and theoretical developments in AdS/CFT. I will explain what second order hydrodynamics is and why it is the minimum theory to study in the relativistic case.
We formulate a numerical procedure to calculate Hawking radiation during non-equilibrium black hole formation. The procedure is applied to a static string in thermal AdS and it is shown that for an arbitrary initial state, the final state is an equilibrated heavy quark string. The fluctuations in the quark string are transmitted from the horizon to the boundary leading to Brownian motion in the boundary theory.
I will discuss the collider signatures of heavy, long-lived, neutral particles that decay to charged particles plus missing energy. The focus will be the case of a neutralino NLSP decaying to Z and gravitino within the context of General Gauge Mediation (based on arXiv:1006.4575). I will show that the LHC has the potential for early discovery of such a long-lived particle if its lifetime (c tau) is between about 0.1 millimeters and 100 meters. I will also discuss the use of timing and pointing measurements to fully reconstruct kinematics in events with displaced decays.
Large mixing angles and a mild mass hierarchy are observed in neutrino oscillations, in stark contrast with the quarks and charged leptons sectors where very hierarchical masses come along with small mixings.
We review and discuss the neutrino mass patterns that are technically natural, in the context of the seesaw mechanism and with a quark-lepton unification perspective.