Emergence & Entanglement II 2013
In two or more spatial dimensions, leading-order contributions to the scaling of entanglement entropy typically follow the "area" or boundary law. Although this leading-order scaling is non-universal, at a quantum critical point (QCP), the sub-leading behavior does contain universal physics. Different universal functions can be access through entangling regions of different geometries. For example, for polygonal shaped regions, quantum field theories have demonstrated that the subleading scaling is logarithmic, with a universal coefficient dependent on the number of vertices in the
This talk is about obstructions to symmetry-preserving regulators of quantum field theories in 3+1 dimensions. New examples of such obstructions can be found using the fact that 4+1-dimensional SPT states are characterized by their edge states.
(Based on work in progress with S.M. Kravec.)
Topologically ordered states are quantum states of matter with topological ground state degeneracy and quasi-particles carrying fractional quantum numbers and fractional statistics. The topological spin is an important property of a topological quasi-particle, which is the Berry phase obtained in the adiabatic self-rotation of the quasi-particle by . For chiral topological states with robust chiral edge states, another fundamental topological property is the edge state chiral central charge .
I will discuss recent advances in our understanding of extrinsic defects in topologically ordered states. These include line defects, where I will discuss recent developments in the classification of gapped boundaries between Abelian topological states, and various kinds of point defects, which host a rich set of topological physics.
Fractional quantum hall states with nu = p/q have a characteristic geometry defined by the electric quadrupole moment of the neutral composite boson that is formed by "flux attachment" of q "flux quanta" (guiding-center orbitals) to p charged particles. This characterizes the "Hall viscosity". For FQHE states described by a conformal field theory with a Euclidean metric g_ab, the quadrupole moment is proportional to the "guiding-center spin" of the composite boson and the inverse metric. The geometry gives rise to dipole moments at external edges or internal "orbital e
The symmetric Kugel-Khomskii can be seen as a minimal model describing the interactions between spin and orbital degrees of freedom in certain transition-metal oxides with orbital degeneracy, and it is equivalent to the SU(4) Heisenberg model of four-color fermionic atoms. We present simulation results for this model on various two-dimensional lattices obtained with infinite projected-entangled pair states (iPEPS), an efficient variational tensor-network ansatz for two dimensional wave functions in the thermodynamic limit.
Projected Entangled Pair States (PEPS) provide a local description of correlated many-body states. I will discuss how PEPS can be used to characterize topological spin liquids, in particular Resonating Valence Bond states.