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Zeta-regularized vacuum expectation values

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Computing vacuum expectation values is paramount in studying Quantum Field Theories (QFTs) since they provide relevant information for comparing the underlying theory with experimental results. However, unless the ground state of the system is explicitly known, such computations are very difficult and Monte Carlo simulations generally run months to years on state-of-the-art high performance computers. Additionally, there are various physically interesting situations, in which most numerical methods currently in use are not applicable at all (e.g., the early universe or setting requiring Lorentzian backgrounds). Thus, new algorithms are required to address such problems in QFT. In recent joint work with K. Jansen (NIC, DESY Zeuthen), I have shown that zeta-functions of Fourier integral operators can be applied to regularize vacuum expectation values with Euclidean and Lorentzian backgrounds and that these zeta-regularized vacuum expectation values are in fact physically meaningful. In order to prove physicality, we introduced a discretization scheme which is accessible on a quantum computer. Using this discretization scheme, we can efficiently approximate ground states on a quantum device and henceforth compute vacuum expectation values. Furthermore, the Fourier integral operator $\zeta$-function approach is applicable to Lattice formulations in Lorentzian background.