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Separating brane-flux degrees of freedom

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In string backgrounds with flux and branes, there are subtleties in identifying the independent, globally-defined degrees of freedom due to required gauge patching, which we illustrate with background flux. Work by Cariglia and Lechner (extending Dirac and Teitelboim) allows separation of D-brane and flux degrees of freedom without doubling the gauge sector in a democratic formalism. We review the Cariglia-Lechner formalism and adapt it for compactifications, point out some previously unremarked features, and give alternate derivations of some new terms in the 10D (and 11D) supergravity actions in the presence of branes. Along the way, we will discuss how to integrate gauge potentials that are only locally defined. Finally, we show how to find the independent degrees of freedom and derive their equations of motion.