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Numerical decomposition of finite dimensional group representations

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Group representations are ubiquitous in quantum information theory. Many important states or channels are invariant under particular symmetries: for example depolarizing channels, Werner states, isotropic states, GHZ states. Accordingly, computations involving those objects can be simplified by invoking the symmetries of the problem. For that purpose, we need to know which irreducible representations appear in the problem, and how. Decomposing a representation is a hard problem; however, we can cheat and use numerical techniques to approximate the change of basis matrix -- and even recover exact results.