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Controlling Majorana zero modes with machine learning

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Majorana zero modes have attracted much interest in recent years because of their promising properties for topological quantum computation. A key question in this regard is how fast two Majoranas can be exchanged giving rise to a unitary gate operation. In this presentation I will first explain that the transport of Majoranas in one-dimensional topological superconductors can be formulated as a “simple” optimal control optimization problem for which we propose several different control regimes. Next I will discuss the optimization methods, Differential Programming and Natural Evolution Strategies, that were applied to the Majorana control problem and came up with a counter-intuitive transport strategy. This strategy, which we dubbed jump-move-jump, will form the focus of the last part of the presentation in which I explain the key underlying mechanisms behind the strategy by reformulating the motion of Majoranas in a moving frame. I will conclude by arguing that these results demonstrate that machine learning for quantum control can be applied efficiently to quantum many-body dynamical systems with performance levels that make it relevant to the realization of large-scale quantum technology.