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Beyond local causality: causation and correlation after Bell



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PIRSA Number: 
14040130

Abstract

There is now a remarkable mathematical theory of causation. But applying this theory to a Bell scenario implies the Bell inequalities, which are violated in experiment. We alleviate this tension by translating the basic definitions of the theory into the framework of generalised probabilistic theories. We find that a surprising number of results carry over: the d-separation criterion for conditional independence (the no-signalling principle on steroids), and even certain quantitative limits on correlations. Finally, we begin a classification of the causal structures, such as the Bell scenarios, that are "interesting" from this perspective. Joint work with Joe Henson and Raymond Lal.