Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, public outreach events such as talks from top scientists using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.
Recordings of events in these areas are all available and On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Accessibly by anyone with internet, Perimeter aims to share the power and wonder of science with this free library.
In string backgrounds with flux and branes, there are subtleties in identifying the independent, globally-defined degrees of freedom due to required gauge patching, which we illustrate with background flux. Work by Cariglia and Lechner (extending Dirac and Teitelboim) allows separation of D-brane and flux degrees of freedom without doubling the gauge sector in a democratic formalism.
In this talk, I will detail two ways to search for low-mass axion dark matter using cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization measurements. These appear, in particular, to be some of the most promising ways to directly detect fuzzy dark matter. Axion dark matter causes rotation of the polarization of light passing through it. This gives rise to two novel phenomena in the CMB. First, the late-time oscillations of the axion field today cause the CMB polarization to oscillate in phase across the entire sky.
Relativity and communication: Communication with particle detectors
Marginalized likelihood functions
Harversting entanglement from the quantum vacuum; quantum vs. classical; Gaussian evolution; entanglement farming
Gauge theories are fundamental to our understanding of interactions between the elementary constituents of matter as mediated by gauge bosons. However, computing the real-time dynamics in gauge theories is a notorious challenge for classical computational methods. In the spirit of Feynman's vision of a quantum simulator, this has recently stimulated theoretical effort to devise schemes for simulating such theories on engineered quantum-mechanical devices, with the difficulty that gauge invariance and the associated local conservation laws (Gauss laws) need to be implemented.
Recent experiments in graphene heterostructures have observed Chern insulators - integer and fractional Quantum Hall states made possible by a periodic substrate potential. Here we study theoretically that the competition between different Chern insulators, which can be tuned by the amplitude of the periodic potential, leads to a new family of quantum critical points described by QED3-Chern-Simons theory.
Fisher Matrix for CMB continued
The conventional Euclidean time Monte Carlo approach to Lattice Field Theories faces a major obstacle in the sign problem in certain parameter regimes, such as the presence of a nonzero chemical potential or a topological theta-term. Tensor Network States, a family of ansatzes for the efficient description of quantum many-body states, offer a promising alternative for addressing Lattice Field Theories in the Hamiltonian formulation.
We give rigorous analytical results on the temporal behavior of two-point correlation functions (also known as dynamical response functions or Green’s functions) in quantum many body systems undergoing unitary dynamics. Using recent results from large deviation theory, we show that in a large class of models the correlation functions factorize at late times -> , thus proving that dissipation emerges out of the unitary dynamics of the system.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series