Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, public outreach events such as talks from top scientists using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.
Recordings of events in these areas are all available and On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Accessibly by anyone with internet, Perimeter aims to share the power and wonder of science with this free library.
I will explain some results on certain sheaf-theoretic partition functions defined on Calabi-Yau orbifolds, and their connection to the McKay correspondence, the representation theory of affine Lie algebras, and cohomological Hall algebras. Based on joint work with Gyenge and Nemethi, respectively Davison and Ongaro
The notion of the algebra of BPS states goes back to work of Harvey and Moore in the late 90's. Explicit computations in perturbative heterotic string theory point to an algebraic structure isomorphic to a Generalized Kac-Moody (GKM) algebra in that context; at the same time, rather mysteriously, denominators of GKMs furnish signed counts of BPS states in certain supersymmetric string vacua.
Tensor models are generalizations of vector and matrix models. They have been introduced in quantum gravity and are also relevant in the SYK model. I will mostly focus on models with a U(N)^d-invariance where d is the number of indices of the complex tensor, and a special case at d=3 with O(N)^3 invariance. The interactions and observables are then labeled by (d-1)-dimensional triangulations of PL pseudo-manifolds. The main result of this talk is the large N limit of observables corresponding to 2-dimensional planar triangulations at d=3.
The mathematical concept of sheaves is a tool for
> describing global structures via local data. Its generalization, the
> concept of perverse sheaves, which appeared originally in the study of
> linear PDE, turned out to be remarkably useful in many diverse areas
> of mathematics. I will review these concepts as well as a more recent conjectural categorical generalization, called perverse schobers.
> One reason for the interest in such structures is the remarkable
> parallelism between:
>
Motivated by recent interesting holographic results, several attempts have been made to study complexity ( rather " Circuit Complexity") for quantum field theories using Nielsen's geometric method. But most of the studies so far have been limited to free quantum field theory. In this talk we will take a baby step towards understanding the circuit complexity for interacting quantum field theories. We will consider \lambda \phi^4 theory and discuss in detail how to set up the computation perturbatively in coupling.
In this talk we will explore a factorization structure of the cohmological Hall algebra (COHA) of a quiver, and the occurrence of the same structure from Beilinson-Drinfeld Grassmannians. In particular, in collaboration with Mirkovic and Yang, we identified a Drinfeld-type comultiplication on the COHA with the factorizable line bundle on the zastava space. I will discuss one aspect of a recent joint work with Rapcak, Soibelman, and Yang, which can be reviewed as a construction of a vertex algebra from the standard comultiplication on the double COHA of the Jordan quiver.
I will outline a framework to understand certain COHAS from a mathematical incarnation of string theory and M theory. As an application, I will give a conjectural description of the COHA of the resolved conifold.
Let $A$ be a filtered Poisson algebra with Poisson bracket ${ , }$ of degree -2. A star product on $A$ is an associative product $*: A\otimes A\to A$ given by $a*b=ab+\sum_{i\ge 1}C_i(a,b)$, where $C_i$ has degree $-2i$ and $C_1(a,b)-C_1(b,a)={a, b}$. We call the product * "even", if $C_i(a,b)=(-1)^iC_i(b,a)$ for all $i$, and call it "short", if $C_i(a,b)=0$ whenever $i> min(deg(a),deg(b))$.
The theory of statistical comparison was formulated (chiefly by David Blackwell in the 1950s) in order to extend the theory of majorization to objects beyond probability distributions, like multivariate statistical models and stochastic transitions, and has played an important role in mathematical statistics ever since. The central concept in statistical comparison is the so-called "information ordering," according to which information need not always be a totally ordered quantity, but often takes on a multi-faceted form whose content may vary depending on its use.
Let $\mathcal{M}$ denote the moduli stack of either coherent sheaves on a smooth projective surface or Higgs sheaves on a smooth projective curve $X$. The convolution algebra structure on the Borel-Moore homology of $\mathcal{M}$ is an instance of two-dimensional cohomological Hall algebras.