Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
General relativity taught us that space time is dynamical and quantum theory posits that dynamical objects are quantum. Hence the Newtonian notion of space time as a passive stage where physics takes place needs to be replaced by a notion of quantum space time which is interacting with all other quantum matter fields.
I discuss a string theoretic approach to integrable lattice models. This approach provides a unified perspective on various important notions in lattice models, and relates these notions to four-dimensional N = 1 supersymmetric field theories and their surface operators. I explain how my construction connects to Costello's work and the Nekrasov-Shatashvili correspondence.
The properties of physical processes reflect themselves in the structure of the relevant observables. This idea has been largely exploited for the flat space S-matrix, whose analytic structure is determined by locality and unitary, the two pillars which our current understanding of nature is based on. In this context, it has been possible to find new mathematical structures whose properties turn out to be the ones we ascribe to scattering processes in flat-space, so that both unitarity and locality can be viewed as emergent from some more fundamental structure.
Topological phases of matter serve as one of the most striking examples of the richness and novelty of quantum systems with many degrees of freedom. In contrast to conventional matter, they are characterized by both non-local properties and non-classical notions such as entanglement. I will discuss two broad categories of topological phases, distinguished by whether or not they possess fractionalized “anyon” excitations that are neither bosons nor fermions. I will demonstrate that entanglement not only provides an understanding of such phases but also enables the tr
This talk concerns a family of special functions common to the study of quantum conformal blocks and hypergeometric solutions to q-KZB type equations. In the first half, I will explain two methods for their construction -- as traces of intertwining operators between representations of quantum affine algebras and as certain theta hypergeometric integrals we term Felder-Varchenko functions. I will then explain our proof by bosonization the first case of Etingof-Varchenko's conjecture that these constructions are related by a simple renormalization.
I will propose a new class of tensor network state as a model for the AdS/CFT correspondence and holography. This class shall be demonstrated to retain key features of the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA), in that they describe quantum states with algebraic correlation functions, have free variational parameters, and are efficiently contractible.
©2012 Institut Périmètre de Physique Théorique