This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
I will discuss the recent progress on understanding scattering amplitudes in N=4 SYM beyond the planar limit. I will show that the singularity structure of these amplitudes is very similar to the planar amplitudes suggesting new hidden symmetries to be present in the complete N=4 SYM theory. I will also talk about the extension of this work to N=8 SUGRA by studying the on-shell diagrams in this theory as well as some of the properties of the integrands of loop amplitudes.
The mathematical notion of moonshine relates the theory of finite groups with that of modular objects. The first example, 'Monstrous Moonshine', was clarified in the context of two dimensional conformal field theory in the 90's. In 2010, interest in moonshine in the physics community was reinvigorated when Eguchi et. al. observed representations of the finite group M24 appearing in the elliptic genus of nonlinear sigma models on K3.
Over the last few years it has become increasingly clear that there is a deep connection between quantum gravity and quantum information. The connection goes back to the discovery that black holes carry entropy with an amount given by the horizon area. I will present evidence that this is only the tip of the iceberg, and prove that a similar area law applies to more general Renyi entanglement entropies. To demonstrate the simplicity of this prescription, I will use it to calculate the mutual Renyi information between two disks of arbitrary dimension.
I will discuss a natural basis of CFT operators for probing dual gravitational physics in a diffeomorphism-invariant manner. On the CFT side, these operators are already well-known: they are 'OPE Blocks' that contribute to the Operator Product Expansion with fixed Casimir. On the gravity side, I will show that these OPE blocks are dual to diff-invariant geodesic or surface operators.
In this talk, I will investigate the structure of certain protected operator algebras that arise in threedimensional N = 4 superconformal field theories. I will show that these algebras can be understood as a quantization of (either of) the half-BPS chiral ring(s). An important feature of this quantization is that it has a preferred basis in which the structure constants of the quantum algebra are equal to the OPE coefficients of the underlying superconformal theory.
I will discuss recent work on big crunch singularities produced in asymptotic AdS cosmologies using gauge/gravity duality. The dual description consists of a constant mass deformation of ABJM theory on de Sitter space and is well-defined and stable for small deformations.
In the context of class S theories and 4D/2D duality relations there, we discuss the skein
relations of general topological defects on the 2D side which is expected to be counterparts
of composite surface-line operators in 4D class S theory. Such defects are geometrically
interpreted as networks in a three dimensional space. We also propose a conjectural com-
putational procedure for such defects in two dimensional SU(N) topological q-deformed
Yang-Mills theory by interpreting it as a statistical mechanical system associated with